Translation:This movie was not scary.
Still not accepting film, although it's ok in pretty much every other question.
So that puts Kowakunai as 'not scary' ? (Because konakunakatta is 'WAS not scary')?
Right (and I would even say is not scary, as the word operates as a verb in its own right); you can have a look at vngdhuyen’s comment in this very thread for a quick summary of い adjectives conjugation. ;)
Okay, this is bugging me, I'm very confused... Why is it こわくありませんでした? Saying 'this movie is scary' would be このえいがはこわいです, right? Wouldn't 'this movie was scary' be このえいがはこわいでした? So, um, 'this movie was not scary' should be, logically, このえいがはこわくないでした? Or is the ありません specifically for the past-tense? Maybe this is just because I'm relatively new to this...
the past form of an い adjective does not rely on changing です into でした. です is simply a copula to add politeness and formality to the sentence. these adjectives have their own conjugation.
- non-past affirmative: ~い
- non-past negative: ~くない
- past affirmative: ~かった
- past negative: ~くなかった
from these plain forms, です is then attached to (or not), depending on the level of formality expressed. another way to conjugate い adjectives is to use ~ありません in negative forms.
- non-past affirmative: ~いです
- non-past negative: ~くありません
- past affirmative: ~かったです
- past negative: ~くありませんでした
only because ~ありません cannot take both negative and past forms, でした is needed to indicate the past tense.
This is super helpful, thanks! Would you show this for -な adjectives as well, or share a link to where we can find it?
If I understand correctly, な adjectives are not verbs, contrary to い adjectives, and thus, the verb conjugation operates independently of them, on the real verb (and possibly on です (polite) / だ (plain) if it plays this role).
They're just two ways of writing it formally/politely. You're right in saying it would be こわいです when something is scary.
Then when you have こわくない, 'ない' is actually the negative form of the verb ある added to the end. Now you can either change ない into ありません, or you can add です at the end to make it formal/polite.
Can I also say このえいがはこわくないでした? Can I also say このえいがはこわくなかったです? Do these sentences mean the same as the one stated in the exercise (このえいがはこわくありませんでした)? Are these three sentences interchangeable? Thanks!
The こ (ko) and the に (ni). You're asking for a comparison between totally unrelated things.
こわい (scary) is conjugated in the negative form as こわくない (this is setting aside other times when the い is changed to く). As far as I can tell にわい is in itself not a word, nor is にわく.
Thank you for the feedback. I don't even remember where にわく came from, maybe just a newbie mistake. Have a nice day.
Why is 'The movie was not scary' incorrect when for it's opposite sentence, 'The movie was very scary.'