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https://www.duolingo.com/Hydraulic

Adverb word order

I'm aware that Esperanto is fairly relaxed when it comes to word order, but I was wondering if there are any hard and fast rules in regard to the placement of adverbs in a sentence?

1 year ago

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/salivanto
salivanto
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Adverbs generally go before the word the modify. They can also go at the end of a sentence.

Neither of these rules are hard and fast.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Hydraulic

I thought this might be the case. Thank you for your answer! :)

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/ziniamanto

I think it depends on the adverb in question. "Nur" for example MUST go immediately before the word it modifies to convey the proper meaning: Nur mia patro piediras al la oficejo. is quite different from "mia patro piediras nur al la oficejo, and both are diferent to "mia patro nur piediras al la oficejo"

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/salivanto
salivanto
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Again, these rules are not hard and fast. I agree that "nur" is much less likely to be found at the end of a sentence than "rapide" is -- but you will find "nur" at the end of some sentences. For example, the title of Sten Johansson's book: Neĝo kaŝas nur.

None of this changes what I said originally, that that's that adjectives (like "nur") generally go before the words they modify, as your examples demonstrate.

A sentence like "mia patro iras piede al la oficejo nur" does indeed sound strange to me, and might not be 100 percent clear, but I would understand it based on semantic cues. "My father goes by foot only to the office."

1 year ago