I have been learning Swedish for some time but I still have not understood the Swedish conditionals. In English we have:
The Zero Conditional: If you heat water to 100 degrees, it boils.
The First Conditional: If it rains tomorrow, we'll go to the cinema.
3.The Second Conditional: If I had a lot of money, I would travel around the world.
4.The Third Conditional: If I had gone to bed early, I would have caught the train.
Do we have something similar in Swedish
Your examples can all be phrased the same way in Swedish. It's more common to use just the present tense in your second example, too, but you could use ska if you want to convey that this is something you have decided. The connector så makes things clearer if you add it but it's totally optional:
- Om man värmer vatten till 100 grader (så) kokar det.
- Om det regnar i morgon (så) går vi/ska vi gå på bio.
- Om jag hade en massa pengar (så) skulle jag resa jorden runt.
- Om jag hade gått och lagt mig tidigt (så) skulle jag ha hunnit med tåget.
There's at least one more option: Om du skulle åka till Kina (så) skulle jag inte åka med 'if you would go/were to go to China, I wouldn't come with you'
Can you, please, explain why did you use "hunnit med.." and not "hunnit till.." ? Thank you!
This is pretty interesting, I never learned it this way in school (in America).