https://www.duolingo.com/jaye16

HINTS ON HOW TO LEARN THE MODERN GREEK ALPHABET

jaye16
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Hints on how to learn the Modern Greek Alphabet

First, let's see HOW TO GET THE GREEK KEYBOARD

https://www.duolingo.com/comment/23430663

PART 1 The Greek alphabet can seem daunting at first but there are ways to make it easier. Remember you don't have to do it all at once. So, let's get started:

PART 1 First, have a look at the whole alphabet at the end of the ABC Homepage or see link below...relax come back and we'll explain.

THE GREEK ALPHABET

https://www.duolingo.com/comment/22424028

Note that each letter also has a name. That actually makes it easier to talk about so when we talk about Α we say alpha or Κ kappa etc.

There are 24 letters (ok and a few little extras to learn but just a few).

Thirteen of the letters will look familiar to you. Here they are A, B, E, H, I, K, M, N, O, T, X, Y, Z (They are not always pronounced the same.

Oh, and they are typed on the same key on the qwerty keyboard ).

Let's see the pronunciation: μν Ok A ΑΛΦΑ Alpha as in father, alphabet ...and it never changes. (Unlike Eng. where we have "father" or "apple" the sound of the vowels in Greek do not vary).

B ΒΗΤΑ Beta This is really strange because it is VEETA ...V just as in vase. vegetable, very...

E ΕΨΙΛΟΝ Epsilon "ay" just like "hay, say, pay, ... and it never changes.

H HTA Eeta "ee" just like in "see, me, knee... and it never changes

I ΙΩΤΑ IOTA "ee" just like in "see, me, knee... and it never changes. Yes, the same as H** but wait there are more.

K ΚΑΠΠΑ Kappa/Kapa "k" as in cow, corn, camara...

M ΜΥ Mee as in mother, milk, ...

Ν ΝΥ Nee as in North, November...

O ΟΜΙΚΡΟΝ Omicron as in Organ, oatmeal.... and it never changes

T ΤΑΥ Taf as in Table, travel.....

X XEI Chee This is a strange one. It sounds like h in have, hamburger, how.... not like the English letter it resembles.

Y ΥΨΙΛΟΝ Ypsilon "ee" just like in "see, me, knee**... and it never changes Yes, just like H,Ι, and wait there are more.

Ζ ΖΗΤΑ Zeeta and it sounds like zoo, zipper....

Ok, there are thirteen (13) letters to get you started. More than half the Alphabet.

Remember * Η-η, Ι-ι and Υ-υ have the same pronunciation (''ee'')

A, K, M, N, O, T, and Z are exactly like the English.

Ok, B is really odd, so is X. :-(

PART 2 PLEASE READ PART 1 FIRST: Now that we have seen more than half the Greek alphabet let's go on.

Here are 8 strange looking ones...BUT they sound just like some English ones.

Θ ΘΗΤΑ THEETA sounds likε TH in the...

Φ ΦΕΙ FEE This is just F as in friend, find, forever...

Λ ΛΑΜΔΑ LAMBDA Ll as in lemon, level, language...

Π ΠΕΙ PEE as in Pp** popular, people, pencil...

Ρ ΡΩ Rr Sorry about this one it looks like another English letter but it really is the Rr sound as in as in row, remember, rhapsody, really....

Ξ ΞΙ sounds just like English x as in FAX

2 have similar sound**:

Γ γ ΓΑΜΜΑ Found on G

Δ δ ΔΕΛΤΑ Found on D

So, now the 3 really odd letters:

Ξ ΞΕΙ KSEE This is like the English X as in extra, fox, xylophone... Found on X

Ψ ΨΕΙ PSEE as in liPStick, hiPSter, Found on C

Ω ΟΜΕΓΑ Omega which is just another o sound like the O OMIKRON we had above. Same sound: orange, oval.... Found on V

Those are the 24 letters of the Greek alphabet. There are a few other sounds which you'll see in the link

1 year ago

41 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Stergi3
Stergi3
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Since you like handwriting in the alphabet, there are some techniques how to write the Greek letters. Many people write with their own way of course. The teachers try to make the little kids to write with a certain way and not otherwise. Here is a minimal, not very calligraphic technique, since calligraphy is another chapter in handwriting and it is pure art.

In the following video the teacher proposes the following: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jhPaySOJgTw

In order to be these letters written written beautifully should be on the line and have the same height, except those that have different, up or down, so as α should have the same height, and β should have the lower circle equal with α in height. Notice that the handwriting sometimes differs from the typefaces. Follow the instructions and stop the video anytime you need. It doesn't matter what he says, just view the video.

In case you want some more material about hand writing, here is a link about for kids: https://www.click-me.gr/ekpaideysi-menu/nipiagogeio-menu/glossa-m/alfavita-grafi-el.html Each link goes to a different letter.

Good luck!!!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/fionagirl6
fionagirl6
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Thanks very much! I keep a notebook to help me remember and was having a hard time reading my own writing! These tutorials will make it much easier for me to write legibly :-)

11 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Cathy612544

Thank you so much! I loved watching Davos on Youtube and I am going to supplement duolingo with his videos! I am brand new to this, but I could understand some of what he was saying!

5 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Riplinked
Riplinked
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Hi! I’ve just finished all levels of the Greek ABC lessons, thanks for all your hard work on this resource. BUT I noticed you still seem to be missing a letter: Ρρ (Rr) is not mentioned or named. It’s included in the word γράμμα of course, so you sort of learn it, but it’s not given the same space as the other letters.

7 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MattHeller3

I notice on my American macbook (running Sierra 10.12.5), I need to use the "J" key in order to create the "Ξ ΞΕΙ KSEE" when switched to the greek keyboard layout. The "X" key creates the "X XEI Chee" letter.

American English: J j -> Greek: Ξ ξ American English: X x -> Greek: Χ χ

Thanks for the quick reference above, it's quite helpful!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jaye16
jaye16
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All these are explained here: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/22040507

And many other things. Also, let me remind you to always read the Tips & notes on the Homepage of each skill right under the list of lessons.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Cathy612544

Many times I have tried to figure out where "Tips and notes" are, and, after a week, I finally figured out that I have to click on the "lightbulb" icon! These things are not obvious to me--maybe just my being in an older generation!

5 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jaye16
jaye16
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Sorry that you had trouble finding the tips. Have a look at the Forum and you'll see some other helpful links. https://forum.duolingo.com/topic/936

5 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AlanS181824
AlanS181824
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Bookmarked this page even though for the most part I know the alphabet so thanks for that :) Also, where's Δδ? However, I think you should also add the dipthongs to this. Like that μπ(mp) make b as in bat, ντ(nt) make d as in dog, γκ(gk) make g or ng depending on your preference like one of my favourite Athenian suburbs that I've stayed in is called Παγκράτι which is either written as Pagrati or Pangrati depending on the person, etc. Those are just some things that came to mind as a learner.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jaye16
jaye16
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It seems you did not access the links shown but only this page. Δδ is there more than once and all the diphthongs too along with the double consonants. We have been working on this for quite some time and doing our research so as not to leave anything out. Try this even fuller version....but do open the links. https://www.duolingo.com/comment/22040507

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/AlanS181824
AlanS181824
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Ah! I did not realise there was more, my apologies. I'll be sure to read up on the rest. Συγνώμη!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jaye16
jaye16
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Παρακαλώ and no need to apologize we're glad you are here learning and want to provide whatever help we can.

Your explanations of the diphthongs were spot on and we thank you and look forward to other input.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/upsta

amazing idea you are clever.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/RaspberryPuddin

Thank you!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Sara754751

Wow.... trying not to be too daunted but I needed that explanation. Thanks

4 months ago

https://www.duolingo.com/CalebW12

how do you write in greek letters on a chrome os

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jaye16
jaye16
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https://www.duolingo.com/comment/23430663 Any of these should help you.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Paris-Syngelakis

I appreciate the way Duolingo keeps making its courses better but I would like to ask if there's a way that if I want to strengthen all my skills I don't just get the ABC exercises and where I can learn about negatives in Greek, please.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Corinnebelle
Corinnebelle
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Does ancient Greek use the same letters? I signed up for Greek recently just to know the letters since I sometimes look at the Greek New Testament words in Strong's dictionary.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jaye16
jaye16
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The Greek used in the Bible is the Koine Greek it is not the same as Ancient Greek and much closer to Modern Greek which we teach here. There are some differences in pronunciation otherwise the Koine and Modern Greek alphabets are the same.

We have had many people take the Duolingo Modern Greek course to help them with Koine Greek. Also, you will find many resources on the internet (including some good youtube videos) for Koine Greek.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Corinnebelle
Corinnebelle
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The letters look similar. How about pronunciation marks?

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jaye16
jaye16
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Many letters in the Greek alphabet are similar to those in the Latin alphabet, particularly the upper case letters. Each letter here has a pronunciation guide.

If however, you are referring to the accents used to show which syllable in a word is stressed as here =>"μαμά" then you will find it in this link.

https://www.duolingo.com/comment/22424028

Please let us know if that's helpful.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/arianaganguly
arianaganguly
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very useful

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/jaye16
jaye16
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Thank you hope it helps. Let us know if you have any questions at all about the course.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/GEEZ_6

Thanks

3 days ago

https://www.duolingo.com/seyoume0805

Definitely will start practicing writing once I improve my reading. ευχαριστώ πολύ!

8 hours ago
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