Learning conlangs online - what a time to be alive. If this is possible, than Breton is, too!
So I'm guessing there are no definite articles, hence the 'preview' shows 'runa' as girl, a girl, and the girl. Also...what about inflections? Is 'issa' continuous tense or?
Issa is the third-person singular of sagon "to be", a highly irregular verb, on the present tense, active voice. You can find tables in the wiki if you're curious.
Here's a link if anyone's interested: https://wiki.dothraki.org/High_Valyrian_Verb_Tables#sagon
So many years spent learning this GOT universe and had no idea there was an intricate verb chart wiki page :'D I love that it still surprises!
In a lot of natural languages that have "to be", it tends to be highly irregular. DJP probably did that to make it more naturalistic. I'm a conlanger myself, and I'm happy to finally have something meatier than Esperanto to examine.
I honestly know nothing about GoT/ASoIaF. I'm just here as a conlanging Ravenclaw to gather all sorts of spare grammar for my language. And High Valerian is a lot more naturalistic (relatively speaking) than Esperanto.
High Valyrian is out there? I don't watch Game of Thrones, so I don't know the characters. Waiting for Klingon. Great flag, by the way.
Does anyone have an idea of how the Rs are pronounced? Are they hard like in english or tapped/trilled like in spanish...
I watched a video on the pronunciation and they stated that the light r and trilled r were used interchangeably. Tho I've noticed it does follow Spanish a bit where there is a trill r when it begins a word and a light r when in the middle of a word. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vboATQWC3MQ, here's one of the pronunciation videos on YouTube. There's some interviews there with the creator as well and he explains the process.
I've no idea what you mean by "light" or they mean by "hard", but the R is certainly rolled.
"Hard" r : /r/, a trill like in Italian or Latin "Light" r : /ɾ/, a flap like in Spanish sometimes
The symbols are the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), and you can look them up if you aren't familiar with the system.
She is the girl
She is a girl
She`s the girl
She`s a girl
Do they read backward? I didn't get how they framed Rina Issa to be She is a girl...Why not Issa Rina?
Yep. Subject-Object-Verb is the most common word order, cross-linguistically.
If you read the Tips and Notes, you'll learn that the verb comes last in this language.
In many languages, like Japanese, Turkish and Latin, the verb normally comes at the end. High Valyrian is one such language.