Translation:Isn't it hot?
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あつい is an i-adjective, to make the negative form you remove い and add くない.
あつい - hot. あつくない - not hot.
To make questions where we want confirmation from the listener, in english we negate the "is" to "isn't", and in japanese we negate the adjective.
Just あつく alone is not negative. We have to add ない (so あつくない) to make it negative. あつく is more precisely the adverbial form of あつい.
Deb has the perfect explanation.
It just has to do with conjugation. Atsui is positive, and atsukunai is negative. Atsu- would be the stem.
Someone in another comment section said that あつく was an adverb--"hotly" instead of just plain "hot". Not sure if that's accurate, but in this question we are just changing "hot" to "not-hot", so we replace the い with くない (I know that's right)
I also translated as "It isn't hot, is it?" Which was apparently wrong. How would i say this in Japanese?
Can someone help me come up with a mnemonic for the difference between さむい (cold) and あつい (hot). I keep mixing the two up :/
If you have these 2 friends, then Samuel is cool and Andrew is hot (…cool is another word, though).
Is there any reason that "Isn't it thick?" Is wrong here? My understanding is that あつい can be either hot or thick.
Yes, but we're taking about the weather and you pretty much never say "boy, it sure is thick out today!" Even if you're taking about snowfall or fog, the only two weather phenomenon I would ever call "thick," it would be part of a longer phrase like "the fog is thick today," rather than on it's own.
Either way, when you learn kanji you will never have this problem (while reading anyway) because 暑い (あつ-い) means hot and 厚い (あつ-い) means thick. They are different words.
Yeah, the problem is that the question can sometimes be provided without the context of being in the Weather lesson, so then it's impossible to know if it's talking about thickness or hotness!
Can someone explain how this phrase is actually used? Is it spoken when it IS hot weather or when it ISN'T hot weather? To me the Japanese sounds like you are asking someone if the weather is not hot today, rather than asking for confirmation that it is hot.