Histories of common English words
Take a look at:
- comes from the Greek word skiouros, which means 'shadow-tail'
- has evolved from the Latin word 'currere' in which it literally means running place
- comes from the Old Norse word afugr, which actually means 'turned the wrong way around'.
- initially meant ‘a ball of thread’. Its current meaning literally came from the idea of thread being used to guide somebody out of a maze..
- derived from French, it means to be able to move around quickly and gracefully
- comes from the Russian word 'commisar' which means an official
Seeing the history of commonly used words in the English language and how they've adapted from other languages. Before doing research, I wasn't aware that many of these words have derived from other languages spoken elsewhere.
Does anyone else know of any words that have adapted from other languages? Thanks!
They're called loan words, and it happens more often than one would think. Here's a Wikipedia article that lists a vast amount of English words that were borrowed from different languages. Enjoy!
I think loanwords are different. They're the original words from one language used in another language (because that language may not have its own word for it). In Dutch we use the French words taille (waist) and plafond (ceiling); we didn't change the spelling of those words and we pronounce them more or less like the original French words.
There are many interesting parallels between English and German words:
edge - Ecke
hedge - Hecke
ridge - Rucken (means 'back' - the spine, I guess, is like a ridge)
midge - Mucke
stretch - Strecke
dodge - (sich) ducken (means 'to cower' 'to cringe')
sorrow - Sorge
morrow - Morgen
borrow - borgen
follow - folgen
bellows - Balg (for blacksmithing)
An interesting similarity that I learnt about recently is the word 'matinee', which is English for an afternoon performance at a show or concert. However, in French, 'matinée' actually means morning! It's interesting that these words mean opposite things in different languages :)