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https://www.duolingo.com/Bibaleebu

Nominative / Accusative question Errors?

Bibaleebu
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I know that, traditionally, subjects of sentences are in the nominative cases. This also applies to the subject/compliment pairs in sentences such as "my father is a priest" or "this is my father". My father = priest so both components are nominative.

In a couple of questions, the duolingo course instead requires the accusative form of the compliments although accusative is usually reserved for nouns that directly receive the effect of a transitive verb.

For example, "That is a leader" should be "Bony jentys issa" as a second declension solar-type noun, the nominative would be jentys but this is shown as jenti, the singular accusative.

"My father is a priest" should be "ñuha kepa voktys issa" but it scores as "ñuha kepa vokti issa" which is the same problem as above, the accusative singular.

Is there a reason why valyrian takes the accusative for these forms or is it a mistake? I know David Peterson made a few interesting choices for Valyrian, such as liking for negative sentences to be in the subjunctive "Zaldriizes buzdari iksos daor" instead of "...issa daor" so I'm not sure if this is one of those choices.

Any help would be greatly appreciated.

1 year ago

4 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/mlamm

If anyone else is wondering, here are some phrases where this happens: https://www.duolingo.com/comment/23498474 https://www.duolingo.com/comment/23559126

I'm really curious to know if this is an error too.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/SprightBark
SprightBark
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I'm curious too.

The following doesn't altogether rule out the accusative being correct in some situations, as there could be other grammar for the cases than that which is listed at the link below, but I thought I might contribute this information and link to this discussion anyway:

dothraki.org states one of the uses of the nominative is for nominal predicates.

https://wiki.dothraki.org/High_Valyrian_Noun_Cases

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Bibaleebu
Bibaleebu
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That leads to me to think these sentences might be erroneous

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/MadLatinist

Accusative is, so far as I know, always incorrect for predicates. I am really not certain how we managed to make that error so many times.

1 year ago