https://www.duolingo.com/VarlotBarnacle

Why is there a "het" in this sentence?

Why is there a "het" in this sentence? "Ik draag een hoed, zodat ik het niet koud heb." You don't see an article like "het" or "de" in the phrase "Jullie hebben dorst." Both seem like they are describing temporary personal characteristics.

Thanks!

1 year ago

7 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Multitaal
Multitaal
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I don't know why but it is necessary to express feeling cold (or warm). Also:
Ik krijg het koud/warm. - I am getting cold/warm.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/RudolfJan

I really never thought about it. Maybe there is a difference. "dorst" is a noun "koud" is an adjective (the noun would be "koude"). Maybe it just compensates for the missing subject in the sentence ("lijdend voorwerp" is the Dutch grammar term). You also would say "Ik heb het goed", which means your life is OK. Maybe it is just to give you the chance to show your excellent knowledge of Dutch language and to distinguish yourself from the amateur Dutch speakers :-). I'll give you a lingot for this question!

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Jersebas
Jersebas
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I agree it's an interesting question, and I think you're right about the verb hebben needing an object, either being a:

  • noun (ik heb dorst/honger/vakantie/een auto)
  • het + adjective (ik heb het koud/warm/goed) where het somehow refers to the persons "state of being"

I can't find an "official" grammar rule for this but it works for all examples mentioned in this thread I guess.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Carpe-Joris

You add "het" after "heb" when you talk about your well-being:

"Ik heb het koud, daarom draag ik een sjaal". "Ik heb het warm, daarom kleed ik me uit". "Ik heb het zwaar, daarom zou ik wat steun willen". "Ik heb het makkelijk in school, daarom leer ik een nieuwe taal".

When you talk about your well-being but you use "ben", you don't add "het":

"Ik ben ziek, daarom werk ik niet vandaag". "Ik ben moe, daarom ga ik vanavond eerder slapen". "Ik ben blij omdat ik morgen ga trouwen".

Hope this explains it.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/xMerrie
xMerrie
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Doesn't really work for 'dorst' and 'honger' though (but they might be the exceptions..):

  • Ik heb dorst, dus ik ga wat drinken.
  • Ik heb honger, want ik heb vandaag nog niets gegeten.
1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Carpe-Joris

Always used this rule but it's wrong, apparently. There are some expressions that aren't complete without "het". There are no rules bound to this. It's just going to be trial and error until you get the hang of it.

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Vincent3546

i guess you could compare is to saying 'i have it good' ik heb het goed

1 year ago
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