"Are you doing well?"
Translation:Ça va bien ?
Me too, but using 2 spaces after a period is from the days of typewriters that had fixed width characters, so the period was centered within a pretty large gap. The two spaces helped to make the sentence breaks clearer. This is not how things were ever typeset, nor is it needed with modern computers that use variable width characters. So in this case it was a workaround for a fairly primitive printing device, rather than a printing convention, as it apparently is in French.
For “Are you doing well?” I answered with: Ça vas bien? I was told that was wrong. The reason I was given was this: You used the tu form "vas" instead of the il/elle/on form "va". Can someone explain why we use the il/elle/on form when we are trying to say “you”, not he/she/it. The correct solutions were: Ça va bien? And: Ça va bien ? (this last one just has a space between bien and the question mark). I hope someone can understand my confusion.
No, "s'il y a..." means "if there is..." where the <s'> is contracted from "si" (=if).
To understand "ceci" and "celà", you may to start with the literal translation: ceci = this thing here and celà = that thing there):
- this is longer than that = ceci est plus long que celà
As in English, "ceci/this/here" is closer to you in time or space and "celà/that/there" is further in time or space.
In speech, "celà" is simplified as "ça" but "ceci" is never simplified.
No "ça va" is only used for health (I'm fine), or to mean, "it's ok", like in this example:
-How is your pupil's work today?
-ça va/ ça peut aller.
-Do you think my drawing is ok? -oui, ça va!
It's not very enthusiastic here...
The confusion, is because they didn't teach "Comment ça va?" and "Comment allez-vous?" before teaching "ça va bien" and "ça va".
Let's try to start again...
The proper formal form is "Comment allez-vous?"/ "Comment vas-tu?"
Then, the informal form use the impersonal "ça" instead of the pronoun "vous" and "tu". Comment ça va? is more informal, because of that pronoun replacement.
Then, an even more informal form is "ça va?", shortened for of "Comment ça va?"
Then "ça va?" can become "ça va bien?, because you take the reply, to turn it as a question (a very informal way to ask question, even in English: it's ok?)
This exercise has a defect. The fill-in-the-blank ones do not bring up the keyboard so it is impossible for me to complete the sentences. I could, however, bring up my clipboard so I was able to paste in that nonsense and so proceed, but with an incorrect answer. Because of that I an not allowed to complete the exercise.
Je ne suis pas trop d' accord avec cette manière de traduire les interrogations . La bonne traduction serait : "Allez vous bien ? " Dans une phrase interrogative il y a inversion du sujet et du verbe . C'est systématique dans la langue écrite ...
Effectivement, dans la langue parlée cette inversion ce fait rarement , mais l' interrogation est donnée par l' intonation , par exemple , par écrit et toujours " allez vous bien ? ", ou " vas tu bien ? " en langue parlée " vous allez bien " ou "tu vas bien ? " l' interrogation sera donnée par l' intonation avec un léger sur- aigüe sur le dernier mot
The verb être means to be. In French this, and all other verbs, are conjugated into six different forms for each tense depending on the subject. In English verbs normally have only two conjugations for each tense, but to be has three: I am, you are and he/she/it is.
The French verb être in present tense indicative:
Je suis=I am
Tu es=You are (singular informal form of you)
Il/elle/on est=He/it/she/it/one is
Nous sommes=We are
Vous êtes=You are (singular formal and plural informal/formal form of you)
Ils/elles sont=They are
Since English and French do not conjugate the same way is this a difficult thing to grasp and to remember. A good advice is not to learn the subject and verb form apart ("Je"="I") but as a unit ("Je suis"="I am"). This way you will know when to use which "are" when.
I'm not French, but I've lived and worked in France, and taught English as a foreign language to French speakers - in my opinion that should be allowed. (I'm finding this site very good at brushing up my many spelling errors.)
Technically it is closer to 'how goes it' or 'how are you' than 'are you doing well.' But I have to say, I've heard your version far more often than the other.
It could be that they are trying to teach you a construction in this case, (the inverted verb pronoun as a way of asking a question) which will be useful further down the line, but just so you know - if you said this in France everyone would know you were asking after their well being. Don't be discouraged! Duolingo are very good at enforcing grammar rules without you noticing, and I think that is what has happened here.
Good question. With inflection (going up at the end) it would work perfectly well in colloquial speech (though technically it means 'it goes well.' You would be more correct and better understood, however, if you said something like 'va-tu bien?' or even 'tu va bien?' as a rhetorical question. Duolinguo can't afford to cover every single permutation of an answer though - there can be literally dozens. They're trying to teach the precise grammar. But don't feel bad - as I said, your reply would be understood. (I know that my level isn't reflected on here, but I do speak good French, having lived and worked there three years.)
to be doing well means to be healthy, to feel fine.
In French, to say the same thing, you have to use the verb "aller":
- vas-tu bien ? - est-ce que tu vas bien ? - tu vas bien ? are the 3 interrogative forms (from formal to standard to colloquial)
- allez-vous bien ? - est-ce que vous allez bien ? - vous allez bien ? are the 3 alternatives to translate "you" to the formal singular "vous" or the plural "vous".
Ont is the third person plural form of avoir (to have) in present tense indicative. It should match ils and elles.
Va is the third person singular form of aller (to go) in present tense inficative. It should match il, elle and on.
Ça is an abbreviated form of cela which contains the la. It thus is connected to the third person singular.
"Ça va" is a correct match which means "it goes".
Vous is the second person plural and gives the verb forms avez for avoir and allez for aller in present tense indicative.
In your sentence "ont vous ça va", you have 2 verbs, so it can't be correct, you have "ont" (to have), and "va" (to go). And you have also 2 subjects, "vous" and "ça", it can be both "you" and "it" in the same sentence.
"ça va" being a very informal way to say it: there's no verb/subject inversion.
Vous allez bien, can be "Allez-vous bien?" as a question.
The word are have in fact four different French translations, for four different persons. That is why you have to learn each verb form together with its pronoun: tu es, nous sommes, vous êtes, ils/elles sont.
The verb être (=to be) in present tense indicative:
Je suis=I am
Tu es=You are (informal singular you)
Il est=He is/It is
Elle est=She is/It is
On est=One is (non-numerical one)
Nous sommes=We are
Vous êtes=You are (formal singular you or informal/formal plural you)
Ils sont=They are (Ils for all masculine or mixed gender they)
Elles sont=They are (Elles for all feminine they)