"She gives him a mouse, and gives us a cat."
Translation:Ea îi dă lui un șoarece și nouă ne dă o pisică.
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Usually, the stressed form is placed right after the verb. But in certain contexts, like this one, it can be placed before the unstressed form for emphasis. Think this as following:
- She is giving him a mouse, BUT to us, she is giving a cat.
Bear in mind that this is possible only when the subject is missing: in the second sentence, the subject pronoun she is missing.
Like "а" in Russian?
For example: I study on Saturdays and you study on Sundays. The "and" will be translated in Russian as "а" because these two ideas are opposed.
While if I say: I study on Saturdays and on Sundays. I have to translate "and" as "и" because I enumerate two ideas.
и = și
а = Iar / dar
I have tried to get acquainted with the main Romance languages. Romanian is the only one that I have not been able to decipher practically at all. This is a typical sentence that I could not have understood without studies. I could have guessed that "lui" is him/he, and "un" is an article, maybe that "dă" is "to give", or it could also be a preposition "from", or something like that. Even at this stage I feel that I am not able to make up sentences of my own. I have pupils at school who come from Romania, but the only thing I really can say to them is some basic compliment phrases. Romanian is really hard, in my mind by far the hardest among the Romanian languages, and the different pronouns (like the demonstratives) are indeed a complicated system.
Duo's poor pedagogy has a lot to do with it. Since there is almost no grammatical explanation, one would expect that we would be led point by point with enough spiraling to keep our feet on firm ground. Instead, the entire pile of pronouns in all their positions is shoveled at us with no context, and even constructions that we thought we had stable control of are put on shaky ground by sentences like the one above. If Duolingo wants to "make learning fun," this is not how you do it (no matter how many animations you add).