https://www.duolingo.com/PERCE_NEIGE

French tips: How to conjugate all the French verbs.

How to conjugate French verbs?

Verbs in French are divised into 3 groups, the first one, the easier, and the most common, called "the first groupe", is the group with the regular verbs ending with "er".

Ex: danser, travailler, parler. (dance, work, speak...)

Their conjugation is very easy, the only thing you have to do is to memorize the ending.

PARLER: (to talk) (I) Je parle (you) Tu parles (He) Il parle (or elle parle: she) (We) Nous parlons (You plural) Vous parlez (They) Ils parlent (or elles parlent)

endings: JE = e TU= es IL= e NOUS = ons VOUS = ez ILS = ent (and this ending is always mute)

The verb ending by "ier", remercier, gracier, etc... are conjugated the same, with teh same endings, they keep their "i".

REMERCIER (to thanks someone) Je remercie Tu remercies Il remercie Nous remercions Vous remerciez Ils remercient

Manger (to eat, pronouciation: http://fr.forvo.com/word/manger/), this verb is not irregular but has an exception, to the "nous", you need to put an additionnal "e" to keep being pronounced the same (this verb's root is pronounced "manj", like the "g" in "orange")

MANGER Je mange Tu manges Il mange Nous MANGEONS (and not "mangons", because it would be pronounced as a hard "g" like in "goat", and we need a soft g like in "orange". The "e" is only there to change the pronounciation and keep it alike to the other persons and to its root "manj") Vous mangez Ils mangent


SECOND GROUP: regular verbs ending with "IR" ex: Finir, mentir, servir, offrir, partir, etc...

PARTIR: (to leave) Je pars Tu pars Il part Nous partons Vous partez Ils partent

Here, I have: JE=s TU=s IL =t NOUS= ons VOUS= ez ILS= ent

FINIR (to finish, same group) Je finis Tu finis Il finit Nous finissons Vous finissez Ils finissent

Same endings...


The 3rd group is the difficult one, it gathers all the other verbs, not ending by "er" or "ir" and the irregular ones with "er" or "ir".

One of the most common and weird in this group are the three ones: Être (to be) Aller (to go) Avoir (to have), you need to memorize those 3 important verbs, because you can't guess them.

ÊTRE: (to be) Je suis Tu es Il est Nous sommes Vous êtes Ils sont

AVOIR: (to have) J'ai (and not "je ai"!!, the "je" is modified because of the two vowels following each other, "je ai" would be too difficult to pronounce, "je" is always transformed into " j' " when the verb begin with a vowel, or a non-aspirated "h".) Tu as Il a Nous avons Vous avez Ils ont

ALLER (to go) Je vais Tu vas Il va Nous allons Vous allez Ils vont.

For other verbs in this group, there are general patterns, depending of their endings. Tenir/Appartenir/Obtenir/Soutenir...etc (all conjugated as "tenir", tenir is irregular, memorize it.

Tenir: (to hold) Je tiens Tu tiens Il tient Nous tenons Vous tenez Ils tienent

Apprendre/Attendre/Comprendre/Descendre... etc (to learn, to wait, to underscendre, to get off...) and the verb ending with "ondre": répondre, etc... (to reply) Not irregular, but with conjugate according to the "endre" ending. Only memorize one, and you know them all. Notice that the endind of the 3rd group verbs is the same than for the 2nd group verbs.

PRENDRE: (to take) Je prends Tu prends Il prend Nous prenons Vous prenez Ils prennent

Battre/abattre/débattre/combattre, etc... (to hit, to cut down, to debate, to fight...) They are simple

BATTRE (to hit) Je bats Tu bats Il bat Nous battons Vous battez Ils battent

Boire/Croire etc... (drink, believe...) They are irregular for the plural persons.

BOIRE (to drink) Je bois Tu bois Il boit Nous buvons Vous buvez Ils boivent

CROIRE (To believe) Je crois Tu crois Il croit Nous croyons Vous croyez Ils croient

Naître/Connaître/Paraître/Disparaître, etc... (to born, to know, to seem, to disappear...) They're simple

NAÎTRE (to born) Je nais Tu nais Il naît (be careful there is a trick here, a ^ on the i) Nous naissons Vous naissez Ils naissent

PARAÎTRE (to seem) Je parais Tu parais Il paraît (same ^ on the i) Nous paraissons Vous paraissez Ils paraissent.

Devoir, falloir, vouloir = are irregular, but not voir, prévoir, recevoir. Vouloir is a very special one, because the ending "s" turned into a "x"

DEVOIR (irregular, to have to) Je dois Tu dois Il doit Nous devons Vous devez Ils doivent

VOIR (regular, to see) Je vois Tu vois Il voit Nous voyons Vous voyez Ils voient.

VOULOIR (to want) Je veux Tu veux Il veut Nous voulons Vous voulez Ils veulent

Verbes with "ire", or "uire" and the verb "vivre" Ecrire, Lire, Rire, Détruire etc... They are regular.

LIRE (to read) Je lis Tu lis Il lit Nous lisons Vous lisez Ils lisent.

VIVRE (to live) Je vis Tu vis Il vit Nous vivons Vous vivez Ils vivent

DIRE and FAIRE (to say and to do) Dire is regular but has only one exception, "vous". Je dis Tu dis Il dit Nous disons VOUS DITES (and not disez!!) Ils disent

Dire has the same exception than faire.

FAIRE Je fais Tu fais Il fait Nous faisons Vous FAITES (and not faisez!!!) Ils font

Plaire, complaire, etc.. are conjugated the same than "faire", but they have not their "vous" irregular, they have a normal "vous".

Craindre (to fear): crains, etc..

Please, tell me if you have question, if I'm not clear, or if I made some mistakes (because I wrote it very late)

March 27, 2014

27 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/OndrejKehl

hhhhhhiiiiiiiii

June 1, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/QGphfHii

Merci beau-coup! I was very perplexed about how the various verbs change form :).

May 10, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/papa.pence

lasanga

August 9, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/rhimmerdahl

When writing instructions, warnings, recipes, many write in the infinitive rather than the imperative. This may sound like an odd question, but when writing this way, are there any exceptions? Can all verbs be used in the infinitive?

October 29, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/daKanga

WOW - what a GREAT question.
I ( or someone else ) will need to get back to you on this.

Thank you for asking such a GREAT question :D

October 29, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/BridgeToWisdom

I didn’t understand very well your question; are you talking about orders, advice and instructions?

There is no exception, you just use either imperative or infinitive like: « Tourner à droite. Ne pas tourner à gauche. » (Turn to the left. Do not turn to the right.) Note I’ve used « tourner » in the infinitive form You can also say:

« Tournez à droite. Ne tournez pas à gauche. » I used « tournez », which is the present imperative form with « vous » (y'all or formal You). « Tourne à droite. Ne tourne pas à gauche. » I used « tourne », which is the present imperative form with « tu » (ya).

  • Your question wasn’t clear, but I hope I answered it.
January 4, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/book1worm13

Wow. Merci.

March 27, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/PERCE_NEIGE

Did it help you? Do you feel comfortable with French verbs now. Please tell me if you try to conjugate verb with an ending I forgot in the list.

March 27, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/wintertriangles

The only thing I would add (as an -er exception), because I see these two mistakes all the time in tutoring, "manger" in the nous form retains the 'e' - "mangeons," and for "commencer" the 'c' becomes - "commençons"

March 28, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/PERCE_NEIGE

Yes, thanks, I add it. Not really an irregular, but definitively worth to put here.

March 28, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/daKanga

You may not put it in the irregular basket, but it is an exception that follows a rule. And there are quite a few others besides. The ones mentioned above relate to the group ~er , and the sub rule concerns ~cer and ~ger verbs. I am in the process of writing an article on this, and once it is done, I will try to find this link, and put a cross reference for you here. - For it will include NOT just these instances, but hopefully be much more inclusive of all the other variations. - Wish me luck , and if you pick up this link - please comment. This is part of creating the community and making things relevant :)

April 5, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/PERCE_NEIGE

Yes, it would be very interesting, thanks.

April 5, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/daKanga

Hee Hee. though not quite finished - but so close - Please check through things and tell me where things should be addressed. Starting from Verbs ~er group

Thank you PERCE_NEIGE. You are a legend !

May 14, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/daKanga

Please check out Verbs ~er group - ~ger endings.
and also Verbs ~er group - ~cer endings

This is a link to an extensive 'loam' of work that I have had the privilege to work on - with guidance from PERCE_NEIGE. If you follow the links, it shows ALL the spelling rules related to ~er verbs. And this includes GREAT rules to learn that have influence over all sorts of aspects of french.

I look forward to your comments to this learning loom :)

May 14, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/Cely988

Thank you so much! I always have problems when it comes to conjugating verbs but this will help me a lot :D

March 28, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/k0biz.a

THANK you.

March 29, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/BastouXII

Thank you PERCE_NEIGE, I've added it to our French grammar references discussion.

April 10, 2014

https://www.duolingo.com/23pyushuvayev

me no ❤❤❤❤❤❤❤ comprendré

January 30, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/wldz2010

Thank you! This looks like just what I was looking for

February 26, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Samuel_Endsley

thanks! this helped a lot

March 18, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/desire101101

had a lot of problems in conjugating verbs, now it's clear! Thanks a lot

March 20, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/JulaHe1

But the third group is really confusing.

May 8, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/PERCE_NEIGE

The third group is the group you put the verbs that can't be in the first or the second one.

May 9, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/JulaHe1

thanks for the tip

May 8, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/parichehr.basmeh

Thanks a lot .

September 26, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/dmotta1986

This is incredibly helpful! So happy to have found this treasure! Merci beaucoup:)

March 1, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/SabahFadhley

Verb conjugation is a big problem for learners like me. I found this contribution very helpful aid to memory. Thank you very much, PERCE_NEIGE

March 30, 2018
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