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https://www.duolingo.com/-.Edwin.-

L'usage des prépositions.

-.Edwin.-
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Salut mes amis!

J'étais en train d'écouter une vieille chanson "The world I know" (Le monde que je connais).

Comment puis-je savoir quand l'usage de la préposition est correcte ou non?

Pourquoi n'est pas "The world that I know"?

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8 commentaires


https://www.duolingo.com/Ryan.M1993

I'm not super knowledgeable of English grammar, however, English is my native language and I'm pretty sure that the grammatically correct way to say it would be "the world that I know" as you have said. Saying "the world I know" would be incorrect but it would be what you would most likely hear an English speaker say if he/she were casually talking to someone, but in a more formal instance it would be said the way (that) you correctly pointed out. I put a parentheses around the final "that" in my sentence because it too would be left out in a casual conversation. It's difficult to explain when you should or shouldn't add the preposition because there are so many individual cases and there's not really a rule. It's more based off of whether the construction sounds correct since technically it should always be included. I would recommend to just learn the correct way and always add it and if you get to a level where you're communicating with English speakers regularly you will naturally learn casual English, and god help you because a lot of it makes no sense xD

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https://www.duolingo.com/Ryan.M1993

I've been thinking about your question a little more and I realized that when you have a sentence construction like: noun + that I + verb, "that" is optional. This has worked for all of the sentences I made up. Some sound better than others but this generally works just fine. When you have noun + that + verb or noun + that is + adjective on the other hand, you need to include "that"

examples:

1) the house that I own > same as but more formal than "the house I own"

2) the wind that blows > similar but not the same as "the wind blows"

3) the car that is blue > similar but not the same as "the car is blue"

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https://www.duolingo.com/-.Edwin.-
-.Edwin.-
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Merci beaucoup, Ryan! Je vous donne des lingots par votre aide!

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https://www.duolingo.com/Ryan.M1993

You are very welcome! Thank you :)

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https://www.duolingo.com/sebastians.s
sebastians.s
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Dans ce cas, lorsque le mot "that" connecte deux parties d'une phrase, c'est facultatif. Vous ne devez pas toujours l'utiliser.

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https://www.duolingo.com/Qwl8143

En anglais, le mot "that" peut être traduit par "qui/que" (que quand il s'agit d'un sujet après et qui quand il s'agit d'un verbe après). En anglais, "que" est optionnel et du coup est à votre choix. Cependant, le mot "qui" est obligatoire et doit être utilisé. Bien sûr qu'il y a quelques petites exceptions (je pense), mais il n'y en a pas beaucoup.

La personne que j'aime = The person (that) I like. Optionnel

La personne qui m'aime = The person that likes me. Non-optionnel

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https://www.duolingo.com/-.Edwin.-
-.Edwin.-
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Lors, dois-je comprendre que si "that" est suivi par un sujet est optionnel, mais s'il est suivi par un verbe n'est pas optionnel, c'est obligatoire?

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https://www.duolingo.com/Qwl8143

Oui.

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