Accusative pronouns, German
Can someone explain what the idea of an accusative pronoun is? From what I've seen so far, it's more than a pronoun which is the object in a sentence. Thanks!
An accusative pronoun is the object of the sentence, meaning that it is affected by the subject (the nominative pronoun). For example:
Ich mag ihn.—I like him.
In this sentence the word ihn (him) is the accusative pronoun, because it is being affected by the nominative pronoun.
There are also accusative prepositions, which trigger the accusative case. An example is:
Das ist für mich.—That is for me.
The accusative preposition, für triggers the accusative case, changing ich to mich. Keep in mind that not all prepositions trigger the accusative case. Have fun learning German!
To clarify, accusative and dative pronouns are both objects, with the former being direct and the latter being indirect. For example.
Ich liebe dich - I love you.
Ich gebe dir Wasser - I give you water
You is the object in both cases, being the direct object in the former and indirect in the second one. It's somewhat tricky because in English, they are the same word, but not so in German. Hope that helps!
I've often wondered about this. Direct objects in English sentences can be dative in the German translation. For example, "Ich helfe dir". "You" is a direct object in the English sentence "I'm helping you". In fact, antworten, folgen, danken, and dienen the dative object would be the direct object in English. Are they indirect objects in German and direct objects in English, or can direct objects be dative in German? I assumed it was the latter.
Pronouns in English have nominative and accusative cases like German does.
He sees her = Er sieht sie
She sees him = Sie sieht ihn
The female pronoun sie is used for both the nominative and accusative cases (sie can be either the subject or the object), so it can translate to either she or her. The male pronoun has two separate forms for these two cases. er is nominative (the subject) and translates to he. ihn is accusative (the object) and translates to him.