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https://www.duolingo.com/HT2001

Help with correlatives...

I find that the correlatives are one of the most challenging parts of Esperanto. Almost all, if not all websites I came across provided mere translations or extremely sketchy explanations. I would like to read a complete and detailed explanation of how these words are used. I'm thirsty for the grammar behind them and especially the pairs kiu vs kio and tiu vs tio. All help is appreciated, but make it detailed, clear and supported by plenty of examples. Dankon multe!

1 year ago

5 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/salivanto
salivanto
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The trouble is that people try to learn 50 correlatives all at once. It's easier to learn them a few at a time, in context. But here's where I address the topic on my YouTube channel.

https://youtu.be/kEa8QBCOuyo

As for kiu/tiu and kio/tio, it's fairly simple. Kiu means which. Kio means what. Tio answers what. Tiu answers which. You can use kiu/tiu in conjunction

The confusion might be that we say things like "what house" when we really mean "which house".

Note also that kio/tio can take an N if it's a direct object. Kiu tiu can take a j or an n.

Finally, a special use of "kiu" is that it can mean "kiu persono" when it stands alone. That's why it often seems to mean "who".

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/HT2001

Thanks a lot! But I still don't get the difference between kiun vi volas? and kion vi volas? Tiu estas la patro/ tio estas la patro. All help is appreciated... Thanks again :)

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/salivanto
salivanto
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So...

  • kiun vi volas? - which of these things do you want?
  • kion vi volas? - what do you want?

and

  • Tiu estas la patro - answers the question "which one of these men is the father?"
  • tio estas la patro. - Answers the question "what is the father?"
1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/HT2001

Well, everything sounds clearer now. Donkon multe :)

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/salivanto
salivanto
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Nedankinde.

1 year ago