Can someone clear up when you use "son" "eres" and "estan" in the correct situation. Is it "son" because the shirts are permanently white? And then use "estan" like "La camisas estan en la mesa" because estan is use for "are" in the temporary state? Im still learning so don't hate me lol
And also hen to correctly use "eres"
First, let's get the basic conjugations out of the way, because
estar are irregular:
According to the notes there,
ser is for identity, or quality or characteristic, while
estar is for location or temporary state or condition.
So if a shirt is white, that's
ser, but if the shirt is wet, that's
Most adjectives have to match in gender (masculine / feminine) and number (sing / plur) with the noun they are refer to: las sábanas blancas, tus labios rojos...
But some colours have one form for both genders: verde, gris, azul... but have to match in number (sing./plur): las camisas verdes, los cielos azules...
Nouns of fruits, plants and substances used as adjetives to design colours are not usually variable: los vestidos rosa, los ojos malva.
No. Verbs conjugate more specifically in Spanish than they do in English. You can't just say "they both mean
yo soy = I am
tú eres = you are (s, informal)
usted es = you are (s, formal)
él/ella es = he/she/it is
nosotr@s somos = we are
vosotr@s sois = you are (pl, informal, Spain only)
ustedes son = you are (pl)
ellos/ellas son = they are
because "blanca" means white. Brought me to the assumption that, more or less directly translated, when "Mi camisa es blanca" means "my shirt is white", "mis camisas son blancas" has to be "my shirts are white ones" rather than "my shirts are white" shrug I guess I'm just wrong, languages don't work the logical way...
Is the word for "white" blanca or blancas? Duolingo is making it seem like they're two different words, and "blancas" means a white person while "blanca" is a color. But what's confusing is that this sentence uses "blancas" even though it's being used to describe the dress color, not saying there are "multiple whites." Is it "blancas" because "camisa" is plural?
In Spanish, nouns are separated into arbitrary categories called genders (related to the word "genre", which means "type" or "kind"). The way a gender system in a language works is by agreement. All words that go along with a noun -- articles, possessives, adjectives -- must agree with it. So if a noun is masculine, feminine, singular, plural, the articles, possessives, and adjectives that go with it must be in the same form.
"Camisas" is feminine and plural, so "blancas" must also be feminine and plural. If we use the singular "camisa" we must use the singular "blanca".
"Zapato" is masculine, so it would take the masculine "blanco". The plural "zapatos" takes the plural "blancos".