"I am a college student."
Unless I'm mistaken there's no distinction between the characters that define university and college. Are these interchangeable? I know this is an American app and I'm not 100% sure how it is there, but I'm from England where universities and colleges are different things entirely.
"College" is how you refer to post-secondary education in general in American English. For instance, you wouldn't say "I'm going to university next year", you would always say "I'm going to college". Specific institutions that offer post-secondary education may either be Universities or colleges of some type.
Previously I've seen 大学 specifically being translated as "university" and 高校 as "college" within this same course. This is also how I was taught by a teacher. I guess, that's how it should be. I'm not American btw. So I've no idea what's up with this translation. Came here with the same question.
In American vernacular, college and university are interchangeable. They both refer to any formal post-secondary degree-granting education.
Americans typically graduate from high-school at age 18. This completes American secondary education and awards a high school diploma. At this point, students can apply to a university/college to continue education toward a degree. The title university or college mostly just depends on the title of the particular institution. For instance Harvard University, Dartmouth College and Massachusetts Institute of Technology are all what would be called universities in the UK. There is no case of a lower school being called a college in the US.
The fact that they are degree-granting is important: any sort of institution/program which only grants certifications would be more likely to be referred to as a technical school.
In everyday speech, most Americans would say "I am a college student/I go to college" instead of "I am a university student/I go to university". They both would be understood to mean the same thing, but "college" is the more natural word in American English.
Im American. And you can also have colleges within Universities. So for example, there is the Truslake Business College within the University of Missouri. And there is a College of Arts and Science, etc. On all forms you fill out for the university you are asked to specify both the college (for me it was Arts and Science) and your major (psychology). So its like majors nested within colleges which are nested within universities. And each college has its own dean (so the Dean of Arts and Science) and other administrative and governing boards. And they are all under the umbrella of the U of Missouri system. Its confusing. The simplest is just to know college = univeristy. The only time i would say its not interchangeable is in the case of “Community Colleges” in which someone would not say they are attending a university