Translation:You do not go outside in the winter with the ankles naked.
This sounds just like a translation. More natural English would be: "You don't go out in winter with bare ankles"
'You don't go outside in winter with naked ankles' would be a better idiomatic English translation.
"Naked" refers to the entire body while "bare" refers to different body parts; i.e., ankles, hands, feet, etc.