https://www.duolingo.com/MZSFng

Einkaufe

How do you use einkaufe in a sentence with ich (without using gehe)? And what is "kaufe ein"? It's on DL's dictionary.

August 6, 2017

18 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Mr_Eyl

'Einkaufen' is what's known as a separable verb. There are a lot of these in German.

Think of the 'ein-' as a loosely attached part of the word- depending on what the word is doing, it can end up in different parts of the sentence.

Here's some details on how to use them- one page for present tense, another for perfect:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/german/grammar/verbsseparablerev1.shtml

August 6, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/MZSFng

Thank you!! I get it! But could you please tell me if separating them is mandatory? There are words eg dahin which may or may not be separated. Same case with verbs?

August 6, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Mr_Eyl

Separable verbs all follow fhe same rules. It's mandatory to separate them in trhe cases described in the article. There are a couple of cases when they don't separate, but that's quite advanced grammar which you'd be better off learning as you come across it.

However, if you do feel ready for some advanced grammar, here's some more in-depth stuff about separable verbs.

Best of luck. :)

August 6, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/RedAngel666

Hi, I see... hm I try to explain what´s written there. In german it is possible to create words with an so called präfix. ein|kaufen, ab|fahren, hin|fallen. The präfixes are shown with examples in the first table. The rule is if the präfix is accented you separate them. These präfixes also rule the meaning of the word.

ein|kaufen Ich kaufe ein. I do the shopping.

auf|kaufen Ich kaufe auf. I buy out.

Just have a look at the präfixes there´s a system. The rest, I´m afraid is learning.

greez Angel

August 6, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/MZSFng

Thank you :)

August 6, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Vanmathi5

Ich ging, um Gegenstände zu kaufen. Is this the sentence was what you were asking for?

August 6, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/MZSFng

No. I want to use einkaufe (shopping) not kaufe (buying).. Plus all the example sentences I googled use gehe and einkaufen eg ich gehe (gern) einkaufen. But I want to use the other verb forms ie einkaufe or einkaufst. I am not sure how though or if native speakers prefer using gehe.

August 6, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/MissDriss4ever

Ich finde schlimm, dass du soviel einkaufst. Muss man denn jeden Tag einkaufen?

August 6, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/MZSFng

Thank you. But what is kaufst ein? Are both einkaufst and kaufst ein acceptable?

August 6, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Scharing2

Heute kaufst Du ein! Wann kaufst Du ein?

August 6, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/MZSFng

Thank you. So du einkaufst heute = du kaufst ein heute?

August 6, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Hannibal-Barkas

you split the verb "einkaufen" in two - "ich kaufe ein, du kaufst ein,..."

August 6, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/MissDriss4ever

erste Person singular:.., dass ich soviel (ein)kaufe

zweite Person singular..., dass du soviel (ein)kaufst

dritte Person singular...., dass er/sie soviel (ein)kauft.

August 6, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/MZSFng

Thank you!! I get it !

August 6, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Vanmathi5

Ich möchte kaufen

Is this okay?

August 6, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/RedAngel666

Hi, I understand your problem, but it´s hard to explain. Pleas have a look here : http://mein-deutschbuch.de/trennbare-verben.html

I hope you will find the answer for your question here

greez Angel

August 6, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/MZSFng

Thank you. But the page you shared is in German. Ich bin eine Anfängerin :p If I translate, it would also translate words that need to be in German for me to figure it out..

August 6, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/GeoSchribs

Einkaufen means to purchase the things which are needed. "Ich gehe einkaufen" means: I go into a shop or a supermarket and purchase the things I need.

August 7, 2017
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