https://www.duolingo.com/Addkdjndjd

'ъ' Cyrillic Hardsign Explained Please

Hi, Could anyone explain to me that role and meaning of the Cyrillic Hard sign 'Ъ'.

Thank you!

August 6, 2017

3 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/rommster

ъ is used as a separator between the prefixes ending in a consonant and the letters е, ю, я, ё - подъезд, объявление, съёмка...

In simple terms if you see the letter "ъ" you have to pronounce the "й" sound after the consonant (and this consonant is not palatalized = "hard"). we say подъезд like [падйэст], съёмка as [сйомка]...

Without the "ъ" it would be подезд = [пад'эст] and сёмка = [с'омка] (where с' and д' are palatalized or "soft" consonants) without any sound of "й".

You can try to hear the difference:

Съёмка - https://goo.gl/tNnQBs

Сёмка - https://goo.gl/36yhb8

Сёмга - https://goo.gl/nEAF1A

Подъезд - https://goo.gl/TjrSAj

Падение - https://goo.gl/yx4rwv

August 6, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Addkdjndjd

Thanks for the links so I can hear the difference!

August 7, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Kundoo

This letter is the one you won't see too often, but it still has it's pupose. You see, there are four vowels in russian, that begin with a "y" sound: е (ye), ё (yo), ю (yu), я (ya). When these vowels follow a consonant, they lose this "y" sound and instead make the preceding consonant palatalised (or soft as some call it). However, if there is a "ъ" between them, it shows you that the consonant shouldn't be palatalased, and the vowel is pronounced with "y". It usually happens when a prefix ending with a consonant is added to a stem beginning with "е", "ё", "ю" or "я".

August 6, 2017
Learn Russian in just 5 minutes a day. For free.