The use of to ta ten with animals

I want to know how to use to ta ten with types of animals

August 7, 2017


You need to know the gender of the word before you can do that.

To - Used when a word is neuter

Ten - Used when a word is masculine

Ta - Used when a word is feminine

This animal - To zwierzę

This tiger - Ten tygrys

This monkey - Ta małpa

August 7, 2017


August 8, 2017

Please tell me in detail how to use to ta ten with types of animals

August 7, 2017

You mean conjugation or more examples of animals? There aren't rule for groups of animals. Only way is to remember the gender.

Most of animals that end with -a is feminine, that end with consonant is masculine, and that end with vowel different than "a" is neuter. Others are exceptions.

August 7, 2017

Thank you for going into more detail.

August 8, 2017

Aside from types of animals, there are also those animals that have different names depending on gender and age, it is especially true for farm animals. For example:

krowa = female cow (also the name of the species, notice "a" ending)

byk = male cow, bull

cielę, cielak = child cow, calf ("cielę" is a neuter noun, while "cielak" is masculine, even if both can be male or female in reality)

koń = male horse (also the name of the species)

ogier = male horse, stallion, stud (also used in a sense "stud" is used for a man)

klacz = female horse, filly, mare (beware, there's no "a" ending typical for feminine nouns!)

kobyła = old(er) female horse (also derogatory for an ugly woman)

źrebię, źrebak = child horse, foal, colt

pies = male dog (also the name of the species)

suka = female dog, ❤❤❤❤❤ (used in a similar sense for humans as its English equivalent, I think a diminutive "suczka" is used more for female dogs as it doesn't sound as derogatory)

szczenię, szczeniak = child dog, a puppy

kot = male cat (also the name of the species)

kocur = big bad male cat

kotka = female cat

kocica = big bad female cat (also used to describe a very self-confident, attractive woman)

kocię, kociak = child cat ("kociak" is also used for a very attractive woman, but it isn't such a strong term as "kocica")

owca = female sheep (also the name of the species)

baran = male sheep, ram (also a very stupid person)

jagnię, baranek = child sheep ("jagniak" is also technically correct but rarely used)

You use "ta" with singular feminine nouns (usually, but not always ending with "a"), "to" with singular neuter (ending with "ę" in the above examples), and "ten" with singular masculine nouns. In the plural form, you use "ci" for masculine-personal, and "te" for non-masculine (animals aren't persons, so for for many studs you'll say "te ogiery").

September 11, 2017
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