https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jagnes.achacoso

Glasses

I just learned the skill Household 2, lesson 2, and I learned the word Gläser. Duolingo said that is was glasses, but I am confused as to what this form of glasses means.

Does it mean the plural form of glass, or drinking glass? Or does it mean the eye glasses, which google translate says is Brille? Plus, why does the glasses/Glas have no umlaut while Gläser does? Is it a regular thing with plurals? Does it have anything to do with Apfel and Äpfel?

I think that Duolingo should have a page for grammar rules.

Thank you so much in advance.

August 8, 2017

11 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

"Gläser" means drinking glasses. Eye glasses is "Brille" in German (in German it's used in singular, while English uses plural for eye glasses).

August 8, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jagnes.achacoso

Thanks! That was very helpful. Also, for the word Bürger, both singular and plural are spelled Bürger. How do I tell the difference? Is the "die, der, das" different?

August 8, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/biertopf

Yes, singular is "der Bürger", plural "die Bürger" (in nominative case).

August 8, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jagnes.achacoso

I gave lingots to the helpful people(which is to say, all). Thanks for helping!

August 8, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jagnes.achacoso

Thanks again!

August 8, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/pentaan

I think that Duolingo should have a page for grammar rules.

Open Duolingo's web version (www.duolingo.com) in the "Desktop mode" of your browser

  • many skills have grammar "Tips and notes" under their lessons
  • just click on the skill and scroll to the bottom of the Lessons page.
  • the three grammatical genders (der, die, das) are explained in the skills "Basics 1" and "The"
August 8, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Qiunnn

adding an umlat to certain rules does make a plural so it most likely is the plural form of glas

August 8, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jagnes.achacoso

Sorry, I have another question. How can you tell when something uses "die, der, or das"?

August 8, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/RedAngel666

Hi, Jagnes, do you ask for a rule to use artikels?

greez Angel

August 8, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

The short version is: you have to learn it for each word.

Sometimes you can tell from the ending (e.g. most words in -ung are feminine), but in general, you have to learn the gender (whether it takes der, die, or das) together with the word.

Sometimes, a word can even have multiple genders depending on the meaning, e.g. der Leiter "the leader" versus die Leiter "the ladder".

August 9, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/mizinamo

Plus, why does the glasses/Glas have no umlaut while Gläser does? Is it a regular thing with plurals? Does it have anything to do with Apfel and Äpfel?

There are several ways to form the plural of a noun in German.

Some of those ways involve umlaut, e.g. Glas - Gläser, Apfel - Äpfel, but not all of them do.

Sometimes you add -e, sometimes -en, sometimes -er, sometimes nothing; sometimes one of those endings plus an umlaut, sometimes without umlaut.

It's best to learn the plural of each word together with the singular, as the plural is not always predictable. Sometimes words can even have multiple plurals depending on the meaning, e.g. der Ausdruck "the expression; the print-out" - die Ausdrücke "the expressions" - die Ausdrucke "the print-outs".

August 9, 2017
Learn German in just 5 minutes a day. For free.