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  5. Why is yeux the plural of eye…

https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Xamaranth

Why is yeux the plural of eyes when the singular is œil?

How did the plural and singular become irregular? What's the etymology behind the two?

August 9, 2017

16 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jrikhal

Searching for

why yeux

in Google, I found:


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Xamaranth

The second link doesn't work.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jrikhal

:(

I again got tricked:

  1. for not adding "http(s)://" at the beginning of the link.
  2. because the link contains an ampersand

Link corrected. However, searching in Google the mentioned two words allowed already one to find the link. ;)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Xamaranth

Thank you for the help, jrikhal! We all make mistakes! :)


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/-.Edwin.-

BTW, in Irish there are "bean" (woman) and "mná" (women).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Xamaranth

And in English, there are cow and kine (archaic plural of cow).


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/FrenchFireBird

I'm quite gullible, but is that actually a thing?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Xamaranth

https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/kine

kine PLURAL NOUN

archaic Cows collectively.

Only plural in English to not have any letters of its singular. But, maybe it doesn't count, since it is an archaism.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Kangourex

Un œil, des yeux Un ail, des aulx Un ciel, des cieux


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Xamaranth

According to word reference, http://www.wordreference.com/fren/ail, the plural is also ails.

And, "Le pluriel « aulx » est aujourd’hui vieilli ou régional".

Also, this doesn't explain the etymology of the two.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jrikhal

According to word reference, http://www.wordreference.com/fren/ail, the plural is also ails.

Indeed, cf. Larousse.

Similarly, about the plural of œil, see here.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/NtateNarin

I love the fact that the 2 words are different. I have trouble pronouncing the word "oeil" so I use "yeux" all the time. Of course, assuming there are multiple eyes.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/Xamaranth

How do you pronounce œil?

Also - if you have the number pad, you can make the œ ligature with Alt + 0156.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jrikhal

How do you pronounce œil?

=> \œj\ (International Phonetic Alphabet), you can hear it here for example.

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