https://www.duolingo.com/ibisc

Saying Yes and No in Welsh

(edited 5 Sep 2017 v4) (Please let us know if you can correct or improve the logic.)

For those of you still near the beginning of the course, this will probably look a bit scary. Don't be put off - it may not help you much yet, so you may want to keep a copy or leave it for now and come back later...

For those of you who have got a reasonable way through the course, you will have found that the Welsh answering system looks complex compared to English. However, the underlying logic is not too hard - applying it in conversation is what needs a lot of practice.

For the general colloquial language (but leaving out various dialect variations and slang), the Welsh answering system for 'yes/no' can be summed up by working through the following sequence, stopping when you reach the stage that matches the particular question:

  1. Any emphatic question (that is, a question that does not start with a verb) is answered with ie (yes) or nage (no). If that does not apply then,
  2. A simple past tense question is answered with do (yes) or naddo (no). If that does not apply then,
  3. A question using a form of bod is answered with the related form of bod from the same tense. (A very wide class of questions and answers!) If that does not apply then,
  4. A question based on short forms of gwneud and cael, the conditional of hoffi/licio and gallu/medru, and perhaps a couple of others in especially common use, is answered with a form of the same verb from the same tense. If that does not apply then,
  5. The rest, which will be questions based on short-form future forms of verbs, can be answered with future forms of gwneud.

Remember that with any answer, the pronouns are usually excluded.

So, following the logic:

  • (1) Meddyg yw e? - Ie/Nage (emphatic)
  • (1) Dewi Lingo sy 'na? - Ie/Nage (emphatic)
  • (1) Gyda Sioned aeth e i'r parti? - Ie/Nage (emphatic)
  • (2) Est ti i'r dref ddoe? - Do/Naddo (simple past)
  • (2) Gaeth y lladron eu harestio wythnos diwethaf? - Do/Naddo (simple past)
  • (3) Wyt ti'n mynd allan? - Ydw/Nac ydw (form of bod)
  • (3) Wyt ti wedi bod yn Sbaen erioed? - Ydw/Nac ydw (form of bod)
  • (3) Fasen nhw'n mynd i'r Eisteddfod? - Basen/Na fasen (form of bod)
  • (3) Fydd hi'n oer yfory? - Bydd/Na fydd (form of bod)
  • (3) O't ti'n gweithio yn y Fenni? - O'n/Nac o'n (form of bod)
  • (3) Oedd Dewi wedi clywed y Super Furries cyn neithiwr? - Oedd/Nac oedd (form of bod)
  • (3) Oes teigr yn yr ardd? - Oes/Nac oes (form of bod)
  • (4) Wnewch chi'r cinio heno? - Gwna/Na wna (form of gwneud)
  • (4) Wnei di werthu dy hen gar yfory? - Gwna/Na wna (form of gwneud)
  • (4) Ga i baned, plîs? - Cei/Na chei; Cewch/Na chewch (form of cael)
  • (4) Hoffet ti goffi? - Hoffwn/Na hoffwn (conditional of hoffi)
  • (4) Allai'r mecanig 'na drwsio fy nghar? - Gallai/Na allai (conditional of gallu)
  • (5) Ei di i'r llyfrgell yfory? Gwna/Na wna (short-form future)
  • (5) Ddewch chi gyda ni yfory? Gwnawn/Na wnawn (short-form future)
  • (5) Brynan nhw gar newydd yfory? - Gwnân/Na wnân (short form future)
  • (5) Werthi di dy hen gar cyn mis Mai? - Gwna/Na wna (short-form future)

If you get lost in a live conversation, just go with ie/nage or do/naddo - people will understand you perfectly well. Or just avoid a direct 'yes/no' answer altogether, which is very common in day-to-day conversation anyway. Dych chi'n mwynhau dysgu Cymraeg? Wrth gwrs!

August 14, 2017

14 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/SassmasterMaxie

Useful to know considering I'm moving to Wales soon. Diolch yn fawr!

January 24, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/newrhianno

This is a very useful summary. Diolch yn fawr.

August 21, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Joe733089

Welsh is easy and I love it !! Diolch yn fawr iawn am gyngor yr iaith Gymraeg . :)

December 14, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/nisoshio

Diolch yn fawr iawn. It is so useful

August 28, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Woof.

Diolch yn fawr. :)

December 21, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Branwen741719

Diolch, mae hyn yn helpu lot.

November 25, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/JD.Hogan-Davies

Very useful. I'm getting to that point where I'm finding it tricky to keep straight. This makes it clearer. Diolch!

December 2, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/MaryanneSansom

Diolch yn fawr. Mae hynny'n ddefnyddiol iawn.

September 15, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/KimberlyS2

Diolch yn fawr!

February 7, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/JonathanOa15

Thanks!

June 21, 2018

https://www.duolingo.com/Margaret885737

Diolch yn fawr iawn. So clear!

February 17, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/Oiorpata

Mae hynny'n helpu. Diolch

February 22, 2019

https://www.duolingo.com/CompDuo

Diolch!

April 18, 2019
Learn Welsh in just 5 minutes a day. For free.