"I played with the cat."
Translation:J'ai joué avec le chat.
The Passé composé may be translated into either 1) EN Simple Past, or 2) EN Present perfect. Both are correct. There are other possibilities, too, but these are the main ones. The is not a solid one-for-one tense mapping between French and English. Don't think that Passé composé must be EN Present Perfect just because it uses "avoir" as the auxiliary verb. Sometimes it sounds natural in English to use it but other times the Simple Present is more natural.