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https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jmilanezi

"Das Mädchen spielt mit Ihnen."

March 10, 2013

11 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/alexxflower

..How many form of "you " exist in german language?' Du, Ihr, Ihnen, Sie....are there more?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jmilanezi

Why not "with them"?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/christian

It can't be "with them" because "Ihnen" is capitalised.

  • mit Ihnen = with you (formal)

  • mit ihnen = with them


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jmkfrommn

It appears that Sie can be a subject and an object. Is Ihnen only an object? What is the difference between them in the object position?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/christian
  • The dative of "Sie" (formal you) is "Ihnen". All forms of the formal you are always capitalised.

  • The accusative of "Sie" (formal you) is "Sie".

  • The dative of "sie" (they) is "ihnen".

  • The accusative of "sie" (she) is "sie".

http://german.about.com/library/blcase_sum2.htm


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jmkfrommn

Yes, but in one sentence we had "Ich mag Sie", and in the other we had the sentence above we have "Dad Madchen speilt mit Ihnen. When do we choose Sie and when Ihnen. It appears that the first is Accusative and the second is Dative but I don't know how to choose which one to use as they both appear to be direct objects. Is there a way of knowing which to choose?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/christian

"mögen" takes the accusative case. "mit" takes the dative case.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/jmkfrommn

Ahhh, there's the clue! Thanks.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/AgenTsi

Here is a list of dative prepositions with English translations: http://german.about.com/library/blcase_dat2.htm

And a copy-paste for the lazy: Aus, Ausser, Bei, Gegenueber, Mit, Nach, Seit, Von, Zu.


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/daybeed

Is this "you" plural?


https://www.duolingo.com/profile/christian

There's only one formal you. It doesn't make a distinction between singular and plural.

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