https://www.duolingo.com/anupama16

es and esta

where do we use esta? both means "is"

5 years ago

9 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Cheryl1
Cheryl1
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Try not to think of both ser and estar as meaning the same thing - ''to be''. From a Spanish language perspective, they mean 2 different things. Ser implies permanance or inherent qualities. Estar implies temporary and is also used with locations. You can say: ''La casa está bonita.'' (The house is pretty) meaning the house is pretty now but maybe not always. If you say: La casa es bonita it implies that the house is permanently pretty. Eye color is permanent so you would use ser. The sky itself is always blue, so again, use ser. El cielo es azul. You'll get the hang of it in no time!

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/anupama16

Gracias! Cheryl .Thanks for good explanation

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Cheryl1
Cheryl1
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¡De nada! It's really more complicated than I described but it's a good, high level rule of thumb to use to differentiate between the two.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/rspreng

look here for a complete explanation: http://www.studyspanish.com/lessons/serest1.htm

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/anupama16

Thanks for the link.It helps me understand .Rspreng

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/rspreng

Google the use of "ser" and "estar" It is complicated topic. ;)

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/kristinemc

We have some helpful explanations below the skill 'to be'. Here's the direct link: http://duolingo.com/#/skill/es/To-Be:-Ser_Estar

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/anupama16

The link shows nothing......:( anyways Thank you . I will try to learn somehow.

5 years ago

https://www.duolingo.com/rocko2012
rocko2012
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It does not help with everything but I find the following useful, Ser: Description, Occupation, Characteristic,Time,Origin, Relationship(DOCTOR) and Estar: Position, Location, Action, Condition, Emotion(PLACE). We use "is" in English in wildly different ways. "She is a women" and "she is on top a mountain" are totally different concepts that we use one word for. So you will run into this with a number of English words that we use that have many different meanings. There will be two(or so) Spanish words to cover all the meanings.

5 years ago
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