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Genitive vs Var

Can someone please explain to me when to use the locative and when to use var, and how to make the sentences I use them gramatically correct. I am having trouble understanding when to use Locative and when to use Var, especially when translating from English. Thanks in advance.

EDIT: I meant Genitive, sorry.

August 21, 2017



Well, we use locative as "on, in" and "var" is used for "There is/are...."

Evde kedi var. (There is (a) cat in (the) house.)

Okulda öğretmenler var. (There are (the) teachers in (the) school.)


Can you give some examples of the kinds of sentences that you have trouble understanding? It will be easier for us to help you.


There is one phrase that made me make this post, it is Kamplumbağalar onlarda. I thought this was The turtles are theirs, but it said the right answer was They have the turtles. I thought var was used with the word have and the locative was used with showing possession (mine, yours, hers, etc). Have I been thinking incorrectly or should they both be allowed?


Var basically means 'there is'. Genitive (if I'm correct) is just the possessive endings for things. For example, my dog is 'köpeğim'. This means that 'Bir köpeğim var' means literally 'a dog of me (or, that/which is mine) there is', but also 'There is a dog that is mine (of me)'. This sentence is essentially synonymous with 'I have a dog', so the 'var' in this context is like your 'to have' translation (not standalone though since Turkish expresses possession differently).

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