https://www.duolingo.com/Soheil.N

using toniques after perpositions

hey is it correct to change this exp and use pronouns as toniques: "il y a une vase sur la table" to " il y a une vase sur elle" ! ( the table was mentioned before, that's why I wanted to write pronoun) I know after perpositions we use toniques, but it was a bit weird when I cahnged it to the second one!

1 year ago

3 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/relox84
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For some reason, dative and tonic pronouns are chiefly used with human beings, and "Il y a un vase sur elle " sounds like "There is a vase on her"

With inanimate objects, adverbs like en, y are used. Some prepositions also have specific adverbs for objects:

sur la table -> dessus (on the table - on it)
sous la table -> dessous (under the table - under it)
dans la voiture -> dedans (inside the car - inside)
hors de la voiture -> dehors (outside the car - outside)

Other prepositions simply omit the pronoun with inanimate objects:

Je suis à coté du bâtiment. -> Je suis à côté. (i am next to the building -> I am next to it)
Je pars avec la voiture. -> je pars avec. (I go with the car -> i go with it)

The two important exceptions are the prepositions de and à which use the adverbs en and y respectively, which always come before the verb:

J'ai beaucoup de tables -> J'en ai beaucoup (I have a lot of tables -> I have a lot of them)
Je pense à la voiture -> J'y pense (I think about the car - I think about it)
Je suis fier de ma maison -> J'en suis fier (i am proud of my house - I am proud of it)

With human objects, the tonic pronouns are used:

Je pense à lui (i think about him)
Je suis fier d'elle (i am proud of her)

Note that this distinction does not hold for direct objects, where both humans and inanimate objects use the pronounds le/la/les:

Je regarde ma voiture -> je la regarde (i look at my car -> i look at it)
Je déplace ton lit -> Je le déplace (i move your bed -> I move it)

Anyway this is a bit of a long post, I hope it helped and it wasn't too confusing !

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Soheil.N

Merci beaucoup

1 year ago

https://www.duolingo.com/Fayke
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You wouldn't say that in French no. If you were previously talking about a specific table you would probably say:
Il y a un vase dessus. = There is a vase on it.

1 year ago
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