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Soviet countries' languages

I would really like to see some of the former Soviet state languages represented on here. Kazakh, Uzbek, Turkmen, and Tajik. Also Caucasus languages like Azeri, Armenian and Georgian. Does anyone else think those would be neat?

August 26, 2017



They are pretty similar to each other. I can say this since I'm a native Turkey Turkish speaker. I think it would be so great for us too. Kazakh and Kyrgyz cannot be understood by most of the Turkey Turkish speakers. I'd love to here also Lithuanian, Estonian, Belarussian and the other Soviet countries' languages besides Turkic languages and others like Armenian and Georgian. But the problem is about finding native speakers of them who also can speak English and speakers who have the ability to teach.

We totally need them as well.


Do you mind me asking how different Turkish is in different places, Iraq for example has small numbers of Turkish speakers, would I be able to understand them if I did the course on here or would there be a lot of different grammar ( i can deal with different words for things like in the different dialects of Spanish) or would i be able to understand people


Well, there are mostly Turkmen speakers in Iraq, and yes Turkic languages have different words, but mostly they are similar as vocabularies. For example, we say "Ben (I)" in Turkey, but other Turkic languages say (such as Turkmen and Azeri) would say "Men (I)". Turkey Turkish says "Hayır"(No) while Turkmen says "Yok" (In Turkmen it means "no" as well, but also you can hear this word in Turkey Turkish as "There is/are no...." (....yok). Well, you can understand this word, but for example, I was reading a Turkmen story book, "güýç- kuwwat" (literally means: Power-force), it would be "Güç-kuvvet" in Turkey Turkish with the same meaning.

Since the Turkish nations except Turkey was in Soviets, they had Russian words. For example, we say "Türkiye Cumhuriyeti" (The Republic of Turkey) (Cumhuriyet is Arabic, and it means "Liberal Society"), "Türkmenistan Respublikası", "Azerbaycan Respublikası", Respublika of course must come from Russian I think.

Also we Turkey Turkish people even cannot understand Turkmens clearly. Well, we can understand but most of the words are so strange for us. But every Turkey Turkish people can understand Azeri Turkish, but still there are some different words. "Uşak" (Ushak) means "servant" in Turkey Turkish while in Azeri Turkish "uşaq" (Ushakh) means "child".

So it is hard for you to understand Turkmens after learning Turkey Turkish on Duolingo. However, it would be helpful for you to learn Turkmen better if you learn Turkey Turkish.


Didn't know there are Turkish speakers in Iraq. I was thinking about Turkish and Azerbaijani in Azerbaijan and Iran. They are much more mutually intelligible I believe


I signed up to help develop Lithuanian and Estonian courses but no one has ever gotten back with me. I have textbooks for both these languages that go from beginning to advanced. I figured I might be able to help, but no one on Duo seems to be interested in letting me help, so I don't know


:( However, it is really good to see a person like you, I hope there will be thoughtful persons in Duolingo we will be able to learn them as well. It is really a thing.... Thank you... -sniffs-


I know Lithuanians and their English is very good indeed, the younger generation at least. I'm sure there are people out there that could make these courses, the problem is that Duolingo is focused on numbers, and the demand for learning these languages is far too small for them to consider adding them at least in the near term.


Lithuanian and Ossetian!


Привет! გამარჯობა!

If you couldn't tell by my opening, then I am completely enthusiastic about that idea. I have been learning about Russia and the Soviet Union for two to three years now and I'd love to learn more of its languages. I am learning Russian and just started learning Georgian, but it's hard to find good Georgian resources, so I'd love to see a course on it. I'd also love to see all the other languages. I'd totally take a course on Kazakh, Azeri, or any of the others! I hope Duolingo will eventually add them, but I wouldn't expect them anytime soon to be honest, we just have to be patient. Also, if you're looking to learn Georgian, I found some posts here made by a native speaker from Tbilisi, Georgia!


I have also found a similar one for Kazakh:


Thank you for making this post!

  • 2577

I count three majority languages of former Soviet republics already available on Duolingo:

Russian (duh!), Ukrainian, and Romanian (spoken in the Republic of Moldova too!)

And you can start learning Estonian on Lingvist.com.

Other than those, Turkish is very similar to Azeri in particular, but also to the other Turkic languages from the -stans. A great revelation for me was realizing just how similar Uyghur (spoken in China!) is to Turkish.


Thanks for the link to learn Estonian! That's a language I'd really like to learn


I checked out Lingvist and "Celebrate a century of Estonia by learning 100 key Estonian phrases!" doesn't seem much.


Definitely! My profile doesn't mention ქართულ ენას for nothing! :) Interested in the others, too.


Maybe they could have a bonus skill for Azeri courses about the different alphabets? http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/1484505.stm says

...The president abolished Cyrillic, which is the alphabet of many ex-Soviet states in addition to Russia, on 1 August [2001]...

...It is the fourth alphabet change in Azerbaijan in less than a century.

After writing for hundreds of years in the Arabic script, Azeris converted briefly to the Latin script in 1929.

Stalin then imposed Cyrillic in 1939.

The new change of alphabet has led to some bizarre situations...

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