To be perfectly honest, I've forgotten what my own joke was about, but I'm glad you enjoyed it x)
Is there something that indicates more specifically when 'Es' stands for He, She, or It? I chose to say HE is a strong horse but got it marked as a wrong answer. I know you can use Ella or El as a clarifier but are they required? Or is this just a DL thing?
Hola NoctilucaFirefly: In the absence of context "es" means "it is". In a conversation, if you already know you are talking about "him" or "her", then it can mean "he" or "she". This the problem with Duo - we do not know the context. Without context, you would have to add "él" or "ella" if you wanted to clarify who you are talking about.
I am Spanish . We use ÉL or ELLA for persons, animals and animate things (like a robot). Someone explain to me that in English the animals use the pronoum IT. But if if the animal is familiar to you, like a pet, you can use HE or SHE.
You can use HE/SHE/THEY for animals in english but some people use IT because they see animals as things/objects rather than living beings like us. I prefer HE/SHE/THEY with animals.
Thank you for sharing that Spanish folks use HE or SHE for animals.
Think of "Es" as permanent, and the conversions from "estar" to mean is, but possibly impermanent.
Here, the horse is a horse (insert cheesy Mister Ed joke). It won't be changing into being a fly anytime soon, so the "ser" conjugation is used, because "Es un caballo". It is what it always will be. But, let's say i was a horse for halloween, i would say "estoy un caballo" because it's an impermanent thing (one would hope).
What others are saying here is also true, that if it was a male horse then, yes, that would be understood by "es", but that kinda distracts from the lesson. Really, "es" is just used because it is a horse, which is a permanent thing.
A couple examples of how "es" is used to confirm "is" about a permanent object...
Este es cafe? _ (because coffee is coffee) Es una guitarra. _ (because a guitar is a guitar) El es un humano. (because he wont cease being a human)
Where as, here you can implement the impermanent version to those same sentences, but just one example because i'm rambling (sorry). Este cafe esta frio. _ (because temperature of it can change)
Okay. Thats it. You guys get the point. I feel like im beggining to kick a dead horse now ;)
Silly me, I thought it said cebolla, therefore" it is a strong onion" was not accepted
Caballo is a male (stallion) and yegua is a female (mare) horse, so “He is a strong horse" should be accepted.
I think he is a strong horse should be acceptable, too. My answer was marked incorrect for having chosen that and I disagree in DL opinion.
Woot is an exclamation that expresses excited encouragement in the context of how it's used by the folks that wrote the user feedback in this learning program.
The horse (subject) is strong: El caballo (subject) es fuerte.
It (subject) is a strong horse: (In spanish we omit this subject) Es un caballo fuerte.
Es does not mean he or she it means is/it you cannot use es for he or she unless you are already conversing in Spanish and that's the only reason but you CAN NOT start a sentence with es for him. Don't make any sense http://spanish.about.com/od/pronouns/a/subject_pron.htm
A horse can be described as masculine or feminine in English so is 'he is a strong horse' incorrect?
it aught to be he or she is a strong horse not IT. IT is a rude word to describe someone and the horse is someone. ANIMAL RIGHTS!
why can't I say he is a strong horse? it's a male horse. The it or he should be irrelevant....
I agree, DL needs to write in context. They didn't in this case. Therefore 'he is a horse' needs to be accepted as correct.
Perhaps think of this sentence in the context of a horse encyclopedia entry, such as: "The Clydesdale: Usually bay in color, it is a strong horse that's capable of working long hours on the farm." :)