https://www.duolingo.com/RazTheOne

Złe or zły?

What decides if it is złe or zły?

Like: "Zły posiłek." "Złe jedzenie."

I understand if there is a differens between male and female, but in the scenario above there are two words that are neither male or female and also practically mean the same thing. I find this rather confusing...

August 27, 2017

10 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/niskigwun

Posiłek is a masculine word and jedzenie is neuter. Every noun in Polish has a gender, even if it has nothing to do with actual physical qualities of the thing itself.

In general, in singular masculine words end in a consonant, feminine words in the letter a, and neuter words with an o or an e.

August 27, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/RazTheOne

Thank you for the clarification.

August 27, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Zagrajmy

Thanks I find this helpful.

August 27, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/KVRMx

Thank you for the clarity niskigwun. Are you a native Polish person or a observer /student/ teacher of Polish?

August 27, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/niskigwun

I'm not Polish, but I've taken an intensive Polish course and been living in Poland almost 2 years.

August 27, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/KVRMx

Aw. Wow. How nice for you! Thanks a lot for your personal insight.

August 27, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Pan.Daniel

The adjective must agree with the noun it's describing. It's ending will change to show this agreement. So the factors would be gender, number and case.

In your example; the word posiłek is masculine (inanimate), singular and nominative/accusative so this means the ending of the adjective is -y zły. The word jedzenie is neuter, singular and nominative/accusative so the adjective ending is -e złe.

You can go here for the Wikitionary entry on zły. There's a table showing the full declension of zły.

You can read some more about adjectives here and also here.

Polish has five grammatical genders; masculine personal, masculine animate, masculine inanimate, neuter and feminine. When it's plural you have the same adjective endings for everything but masculine personal.

August 27, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/RazTheOne

Thank you for the clarification.

August 27, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Zagrajmy

Thanks for this as well : )

August 27, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/KVRMx

Thanks PanDaniel.

August 27, 2017
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