The pronounciation of "je vais" and "je veux"
Their pronounciations are same or at least near to each other.
In French animations an movie (they talk really fast(specially Parisians)) and you'll hear them similarly.
Je vais maner une pomme.
Je veux manger une pomme.
In French many words have similar pronounciations , like: plurals and their singular noun like: le pomme and les pommes
How can we identify them? How can we understand that "he wants to eat an apple" or "he is going to eat an apple"?
Ce n'est pas bien grave... Si tu ne comprends pas bien** tu dis « Pardon ? » et la personne répètera en articulant. Ça arrive tous les jours, même entre francophones.
Les gens bien élevés diront « Pardon ? », d'autres diront « Comment ? », « Quoi ? », « Hein ? », « T'as dit quoi ? », « J'ai rien compris ! »
** Et je parie que tu entendras la plupart du temps «j'veux» ou «j'vais».
I am not very experienced in French, that's why I have some problems. Everyone who starts learning a language for the first time will have a few problems and mistakes. My ears are fine, thanks for your concern. Are you a French native speaker? Can you reccommend me a site for French listening improvement?
'Pomme' and 'pommes' sound the same (except if there is a liaison with the next word), but the determiners are very different: 'la' (not 'le' like you typed it) and 'les'. The verbs will be conjugated differently, etc.
- The apple is red. The apples are red.
In English, you can both hear and see the difference from the final 's' of 'apple' and the verb.
- La pomme est rouge. Les pommes sont rouges.
In French, you can both hear and see the difference from the determiner and the verb, and visually you also have the final 's' of both noun and adjective.
With a lot of practice, you should be able to tell the difference easily.