https://www.duolingo.com/Georgia.minnis

i'm having trouble with questions (in french). Can somebody explain how to arrange them?

Bonjour! i'm currently learning french level six and quite confused with how to arrange sentences w/ questions. I'd really appreciate some feedback:) merci beaucoup!

September 2, 2017

9 Comments


https://www.duolingo.com/Sens44

There are actually three different ways.

The least formal is easiest. With that you just keep the sentence exactly the same and add a question mark.

Il va au restaurant. --- He is going to the restaurant.

Il va au restaurant? --- Is he going to the restaurant?

You can also ask a question by adding the phrase "est-ce que" to the beginning of the sentence.

Il va au restaurant. --- He is going to the restaurant.

Est-ce qu'il va au restaurant? --- Is he going to the restaurant?

(Note: here que elides with il to form qu'il.)

The most formal way is to use an inversion.

Il va au restaurant. --- He is going to the restaurant.

Va-t-il au restaurant? --- Is he going to the restaurant?

(Note: for il and elle when using an inversion with a verb that ends in a vowel sound you must add a "t" between the verb and the pronoun.)

September 3, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Georgia.minnis

merci!

September 3, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Ioanna678593

@Sens 44 va=go I am going to= must. I learn this in duolingo. Which is the true?

September 3, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/ruferales

I have to = I need to = I must
action: I am going to do something = I will do something
location: I am going to the restaurant = I go to the restaurant

September 3, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Ioanna678593

Thanks. What is the difference "I will do" and "I am going to"?

September 3, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/RobHarris15

In English there is not much difference at all as both are forms of the future simple tense.

Going to do = will do

September 3, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Ioanna678593

Thanks! I understand "going to do"=surely I do.(today, tomorrow, in a week) "Will do"=maybe I do, maybe I don't in the future(in one year). It is true?

September 4, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/RobHarris15

I'm actually replying to your newest comment.

They are used interchangeably, however, I think you are probably right in the sense that "going to" is used when predicting the future based on evidence, and "will" is used when predicting the future with no evidence:

It is going to rain today. (Because you can see rain clouds)

It will rain next week.

--

Though this distinction is not often observed in common use.

--

I would say it is purely contextual and depends on the person speaking. Both can be used for certainty or for possibility, depending on intonation and stress.

--

I AM going to be an astronaut!

I WILL become an astronaut!

(Both express a desire for a future achievement/making a plan)

--

I am going to try my hardest in this test!

I will try my hardest in this test!

(Both are used to make a promise)

--

I'm going to do the washing up.

I will do the washing up.

(To express a voluntary action)

--

A: Who is going to do it? (A dangerous task)

B: I will do it.

--

The key idea here is that really there is not much difference at all.

September 4, 2017

https://www.duolingo.com/Ioanna678593

Thank you very much

September 5, 2017
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