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  5. "Are there clocks?"

"Are there clocks?"


September 5, 2017



I've read in earlier comments that は is used over が in negative and interrogative sentences.


This sentence should also be okay without a particle. It is very common to ask ___ ありますか?without a particle.




How do you know which nouns need the honorific お?


I don't know if any nouns absolutely need the お. But there are several which customarily take it (おすし、おてあらい、おべんと). Actually, おちゃ seems to only sound right with the お. I think it's one of those things in language that is best learned through practice by listening to other speakers. Eventually, you develop a "feel" for when certain nuances sound right in the context. In the meantime, you won't be wrong by leaving the お off of every noun.


Is 時計があるか wrong? Duo accepted 花があるか for "are there flowers" but does not accept it here.


If your question is about が vs は, I think both are ok.

If your question is about あるか, it's probably wrong.
ありますか is of course correct, but I doubt あるか is.
It should be ある? instead. Or あるの?
According to https://jref.com/articles/interrogative-forms.118/ the か is hardly ever used with the neutral form.
Another source : http://www.guidetojapanese.org/learn/grammar/question#The_question_marker_in_casual_speech


Should 【時計がいますか?】be accepted?


います is only for living things. Unless you are writing a story with a clock character, this wouldn't make sense.


Makes sense, thanks!


When asking a question, should not one ask in the negative? 時計がありませんか。


When you are just asking about the existence of something, asking in the positive or negative has about the same nuance as in English. "Are there clocks?" vs. "Aren't there (any) clocks?" However, when making an offer to someone, offering in the negative is slightly more polite and sounds more like an offer. ケーキたべますか?Will you eat (some) cake? vs. けーきたべませんか?Won't you eat (some) cake?


Why there is no お before 時計? Sometimes there is お before nouns, but sometimes there is not... Is there some pattern?

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