Translation:Have a nice weekend!
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The difference between the two sentences is that Dobrý den. means Good day. and you say it when you greet someone. If you say Hezký den!, you wish them a nice day (or Hezký víkend! - a nice weekend). You can say Hezký víkend! on Friday for example, but then when you meet someone on Saturday, you'll not greet them with Dobrý víkend., instead, you'll again say Dobrý den. (both on Saturday and Sunday).
I just would like to add one little thing here, normally you wouldn't say Dobrý víkend to any one, it sounds awkward. The only chance I can imagine to say "dobrý víkend" is, when you are talking with friends about your weekend on Monday and you say it was a good weekend: Byl to dobrý víkend.
Of course, it is essentially the same word, just pronounced and spelled slightly differently :-) The literal translation of weekend, would be "konec týdne", which literally means "(the) end of (the) week". But that's two words and nobody ain't got the time to say that on Friday afternoon!
I wonder what people called it say 200 years ago, aside from the fact that a lot of Czechs actually spoke German as the first language back then, I doubt they said "víkend". Then again, weekend as two days of not working is a rather modern luxury so maybe they did not really need a word for that as Sunday was the only day people did not work.
No, "hezký" means nice, pretty, good... it does not mean/never means "have a"
It's just the way the expression "hezký víkend /have a nice weekend" is in Czech vs English.
Sort of like understanding that saying "Bye" in English stands for "goodbye", even though the "good" is dropped when using just "bye". Or when saying in English "good luck" to someone. Even though you really mean "I wish you good luck", or "wishing you good luck" but just the words "good luck" are used and the rest dropped.
Quite often it is not possible to translate word for word. Especially with set expressions. It just has to be learned/memorized. It gets easier with practice.
I don't know about "hazký", I don't actually know if it is a word in Czech. But "hezký " is pronounced with/starts with an "h" sound.
It really helps to learn the sounds of the letters of the (Czech) alphabet because Czech is much more regular than many other languages. Unlike English, it is usually pronounced as it is written.
https://cs.forvo.com/search/hezký/cs/ If you click on the triangle by the word you can hear the audio.
This is for kids but very good. It has the pronunciation of the letters of the entire alphabet in Czech. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9hzdFuylp0w