"That is a bad word."
Translation:To je špatné slovo.
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I'm not sure exactly what you want to know, but... You can say "The/Those/These words are bad," but you cannot say "That words are bad" as a sentence on its own. As part of a larger sentence, though, you can use "that" and "words" next to each other, but then you are using "that" as a conjunction: "I think that words are bad."
You could say, "Je to špatné slovo?" This mirrors the standard English word order for questions.
Or you could say the same, "To je špatné slovo?" This is the declarative question word order, which is also used in English. The word order is the same as for the declarative sentence, but the question is marked by rising intonation at the end of it and by a question mark in writing.
The declarative question is sort of a two-for-one word-order bonus! :-)
You can remove the pronoun when it is clear what is missing. That is not the case with "Je špatné slovo.". It would let me wonder who is supposed to be a bad word.
Also, we have "That", not just "It" in the English sentence. That calls for some direct translation.
If we are speaking about some object already, you can follow with "Je špatný." "Je špatná." kJe špatné." for "It is bad." but that is quite a different sentence.