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https://www.duolingo.com/amo-51

how to chose between verb and verb in ing

amo-51
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hello,

i have a question

how to chose between a verbe in infinitif and verb in ing

example:

İ cant help to read or reading his books

there is a rule to chose between to read an reading

thanks to reply me

6
il y a 11 mois

6 commentaires


https://www.duolingo.com/dancepointe
dancepointe
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I don't know for sure, so this is just a partial answer (as a native speaker, I usually just say what sounds right to me!)

Verbs ending in 'ing' when used in this context are gerunds, more or less - verbs ACTING as nouns. Your sample sentence should be 'I can't help reading his books' because 'reading' is acting like a noun here. (I can't help - what? 'reading.' Reading answers the question 'what?' so it should be a gerund ending in 'ing.') General rule of thumb: if the verb answers the question 'what' it should end in 'ing' (but this is not true for all verbs, as stated below).

Verbs in the infinitive are still verbs; they are NOT acting as nouns. I could re-state your sentence and say something like, 'I can't help but to read his books' and in this case, although it is rather unnatural, 'to read' is acting like a verb and therefore should be infinitive.

When you're talking about something you like, such as 'I like . . .' you can use either the infinitive or the gerund 'ing' form. But if you say 'I would like' you have to use the infinitive.

Examples:

I like TO GET up late. I like GETTING up late. (Both are correct.)

I need TO GO to the store. (I need going to the store is NOT correct.)

I would like TO SWIM. (I would like swimming is NOT correct.)

I prefer TO READ. I prefer READING. (Both are correct.)

I am interested in LEARNING English. (I am interested in to learn English is NOT correct, nor is I am interested to learn English.)

Here's a web site where you can read more! https://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verbs-m_infinitive-ing.htm

Edit: I want to add that, as with every rule, there are MANY exceptions! Practice and constant listening to native speakers is the best method for things like this.

Edit #2: One more thing! The last sentence of your post, thanks to reply to me, should be 'thanks FOR REPLYING to me' because thanks for what? replying!

Bonne chance!

4
Répondre1il y a 11 mois

https://www.duolingo.com/YaBigBen
YaBigBen
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Hi dancepointe.Pouvez-vous nous traduire en français votre réponse à amo-51.C'est,je crois,important pour nous,apprenants débutants.Merci.

1
Répondreil y a 11 mois

https://www.duolingo.com/dancepointe
dancepointe
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Oui, bien sûr! Je suis apprenant débutante comme vous, mais je vais essayer à plus tard cet après-midi.

Édit : je suis un peu en retard. Désolé pour ça ! Quand je suis fini, je publierai l'article ici.

1
Répondreil y a 11 mois

https://www.duolingo.com/dancepointe
dancepointe
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Voici le traduction de mon article!

Je ne suis pas entièrement sûre, parce que je suis parleur natif et je dis ce qui semble correct; mais il y a ma meilleure explication.

Des verbes qui finissent en 'ing’ en ce cas sont des gerunds, ou des verbes qui agissent comme des noms. Votre phrase devrait être 'I can't help reading his books’ parce que, en ce cas, 'reading’ agissent comme un nom. ('I can't help -’ quoi? 'reading'.) Normalement, si un verbe répond à la question 'quoi’ il finit avec 'ing', mais il y a plusieurs exceptions.

Des verbes dans l’infinitif sont encore des verbes: ils n’agissent PAS comme des noms. Pour votre phrase, 'I can't help to read his books’ n’est pas correct. 'To read’ devrait être un gerund - 'reading'.

Si vous parlez de quelque chose que vous aimez, vous pouvez utiliser l’infinitif ou le gerund. Mais, si vous dîtes 'I would like . . .’ il faut utiliser l’infinitif.

Par example:

I like TO GET up late. I like GETTING up late. (Tous les deux sont corrects.)

I need to go to the store. ('I need going to the store’ n’est pas correct. 'To go' n'est pas un gerund, parce que 'I need . . .' un action, pas une chose.)

I would like to swim. ('I would like swimming’ n’est pas correct.)

I am interested in learning English. ('I am interested to learn English’ n’est pas correct. 'I am interested in’ quoi? learning.)

Thanks for responding. (C’est correct, parce que 'thanks for’ quoi? Responding!)

Il y a plusieurs exceptions. Pour référence, voilà une site avec une explication en anglais: https://www.englishclub.com/grammar/verbs-m_infinitive-ing.htm

Bonne chance! J’espère mon français n’est pas trop mauvais. :)

1
Répondreil y a 11 mois

https://www.duolingo.com/amo-51
amo-51
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merci pour votre réponse qui était claire. votre français est excellent . By the way, where are you from? and what is your natif launguage?

0
Répondreil y a 10 mois

https://www.duolingo.com/MarilynDemuy
MarilynDemuy
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www.englishpage.com Give it a try! It's super interesting and can help a lot with verb tenses.

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Répondreil y a 11 mois