"The book is a thing."
In another sentence "Bread is food" (빵은 음식입니다), it accepts the particle 은/는. Why not on this one? Maybe it just needs a fix, or is there a rule here? These sentences seem to be grammatically similar. Thanks.
Thanks! Is there a reason for that? It seems that in certain situations the topic and subject markers are interchangeable but I'm not sure when.
Why is this 책이 (subject) and not 책은 (topic)? It's a sentence about books, the book isn't performing an action.
It's because we are talking about a specific book e.g. THE book is a thing. I.e:
- 는 - Topic marker, used after a vowel e.g. 여자는 - A woman. Used when making a general statement e.g. An apple is a fruit.
- 은 - Topic marker, after a consonant e.g. 연필은 - A pencil.
- 가 - Subject marker, used after a vowel e.g. 학교가 - The school
- 이 - Subject marker, used after a consonant e.g. 연필이 - The pencil. Used when you're talking about something specific e.g. THE pencil is a thing.
Okay so when you pronounce 물건입니다, 입 is silent? I'm not understanding the pronunciation.
When you have ㅂ followed by ㄴ, the pronunciation of ㅂ changes to ㅁ. There are a few other cases where the pronunciation of letters chsnge based in the consonant thst follows. I found www.howtostudykorean.com really helpful for learning the alphabet and some of the basic pronunciation rules.