"The apple is food."

Translation:사과가 음식입니다.

September 7, 2017



는 and 은 are topic particles. 이 and 가 are subject particles. 을 and 를 are object particles. At least that is my understanding.

September 8, 2017


What is the differnece between a subject and a topic particle?

October 8, 2018


Can someone explain the difference between a topic and a subject ?

September 9, 2017


Something like, a topic is something you are talking about or going to talk about. They are marked with 은/는. It gives context/background to the conversation. But once you have mentioned the topic, you don't have to keep mentioning it. So you don't have to keep adding 은/는, or mentioning the topic.

"저는 ..." is like "as for me ..." and you would continue talking about yourself, but you don't have to keep saying "I/me".

A subject, I think of as sonething you want to identify. Like who, what, which one etc. "제가 ..." is like "it is none other than me..."

"WHO is the best?" "제가요." (It's me.)

That was my understanding, please correct me if I'm wrong.

September 10, 2017



August 9, 2018


What is the difference between 은/는 and 가?

September 7, 2017


One is topic, the other is subject

September 7, 2017


I have passed the practices but i still can´t read korean.

November 2, 2017


I recommend learning Hangeul (the alphabet) somewhere else. I didn't use Duolingo to learn it. I also think trying to romanize it (using Latin alphabet to spell words originally written in Hangul) is not helpful. Try this youtube channel, no romanization, just listening and repeating and associating the hangeul with its sound: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KN4mysljHYc

November 2, 2017


I usually write mine down in notes so that i can study them properly

April 10, 2018


은 and 는 are topic markers, you use 은 if the word before ends with a consonant while u use 는 when the word before ends w a vowel

July 18, 2018


What's the purpose of 입 in this sentence?

September 19, 2017


It is "입니다". It's from the verb 이다, meaning to be. 입니다 is the polite and formal form, and it means "it is/they are" etc.

So 음식 (food) + 입니다 (it is) = 음식입니다 (it is food)

September 19, 2017


Thank you buddy

September 19, 2017


in this case '은/는' is right.

December 2, 2017


So in this sentence the subject is an apple. But if we continue talking about apples it will be 는? So it depends on the context?

December 24, 2017


what does 입니다 mean?

January 27, 2018


It means "to be" when you're stating something IS something - it is, they are, etc. it comes from 이다 . 입니다 is just a formal / politer way of saying it

October 16, 2018


So basically, 입니다 is saying "it is"? Or if somebody could better explain it would be great

February 12, 2018


yes :) it comes from the verb 이다 which means to be. 입니다 is just a politer way of saying it

October 16, 2018


What does 가 stands for? It is some kind of "the"?

April 1, 2018


What's the difference between 는 and 가 ?

June 1, 2018


Can anyone tell me, how to write "and" after any word,,,, it's different in every word I saw

June 5, 2018


Could i just take a subject for example ,,물'' water , and just add '입니다' = is water ?????? Or other subjects

June 11, 2018


How do you know when you are supposed place spaces between certain words?

June 19, 2018


If 사과 is Apple, how do you say "apple and"? Google translate turns the phrase from 사과 --> 애플과. Or does it just become 사과와?

August 3, 2018


It is '사과와'. But I was taking some Korean lessons in my city (Korean school) and It'll start again soon. There we were saying eg. '사과하고' so I think both can be used.

August 14, 2018


as far as i know, a subject is a specific thing like your dog or the tree u'r standing next to; while topic is more general, such as any dog or all dogs in general, or trees in general, or a factual statement

August 9, 2018


why is it right to use 는 in 남자는 사람입니다 but in 사과가 음식입니다, 가 is used?

January 14, 2019


I am really confused with this topic and subject thing, because whenever I think something is a topic, it is actually a subject. If anyone could help in this one. So the sentence doesn`t always have to be a subject and a topic? I never know how to itendify each other,

February 4, 2019
Learn Korean in just 5 minutes a day. For free.