"The apple is food."
는 and 은 are topic particles. 이 and 가 are subject particles. 을 and 를 are object particles. At least that is my understanding.
Something like, a topic is something you are talking about or going to talk about. They are marked with 은/는. It gives context/background to the conversation. But once you have mentioned the topic, you don't have to keep mentioning it. So you don't have to keep adding 은/는, or mentioning the topic.
"저는 ..." is like "as for me ..." and you would continue talking about yourself, but you don't have to keep saying "I/me".
A subject, I think of as sonething you want to identify. Like who, what, which one etc. "제가 ..." is like "it is none other than me..."
"WHO is the best?" "제가요." (It's me.)
That was my understanding, please correct me if I'm wrong.
I recommend learning Hangeul (the alphabet) somewhere else. I didn't use Duolingo to learn it. I also think trying to romanize it (using Latin alphabet to spell words originally written in Hangul) is not helpful. Try this youtube channel, no romanization, just listening and repeating and associating the hangeul with its sound: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KN4mysljHYc
은 and 는 are topic markers, you use 은 if the word before ends with a consonant while u use 는 when the word before ends w a vowel
It is "입니다". It's from the verb 이다, meaning to be. 입니다 is the polite and formal form, and it means "it is/they are" etc.
So 음식 (food) + 입니다 (it is) = 음식입니다 (it is food)
So in this sentence the subject is an apple. But if we continue talking about apples it will be 는? So it depends on the context?
It means "to be" when you're stating something IS something - it is, they are, etc. it comes from 이다 . 입니다 is just a formal / politer way of saying it
So basically, 입니다 is saying "it is"? Or if somebody could better explain it would be great
yes :) it comes from the verb 이다 which means to be. 입니다 is just a politer way of saying it
Can anyone tell me, how to write "and" after any word,,,, it's different in every word I saw
Could i just take a subject for example ,,물'' water , and just add '입니다' = is water ?????? Or other subjects
If 사과 is Apple, how do you say "apple and"? Google translate turns the phrase from 사과 --> 애플과. Or does it just become 사과와?
It is '사과와'. But I was taking some Korean lessons in my city (Korean school) and It'll start again soon. There we were saying eg. '사과하고' so I think both can be used.
as far as i know, a subject is a specific thing like your dog or the tree u'r standing next to; while topic is more general, such as any dog or all dogs in general, or trees in general, or a factual statement
I am really confused with this topic and subject thing, because whenever I think something is a topic, it is actually a subject. If anyone could help in this one. So the sentence doesn`t always have to be a subject and a topic? I never know how to itendify each other,