"그 귤은 셔요."
Translation:That tangerine is sour.
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Highly recommend TalkToMeInKorean as a supplement--their explanations are really easy to understand and it's free.
For the word sour, the dictionary form is 시다. Once you know the dictionary form, the conjugation rules are usually straight-forward. Here is how to get present tense:
- If you take away the 다, you get the verb stem
- Take the verb stem and add 어요 or 아요, depending on the final vowel of the verb stem (the one exception is that 하다 becomes 해요)
- For most verbs, you are done at step 2. But for some verbs, they get contracted for ease of pronunciation. For example, 가다 (to go) --> 가아요, but that middle 아 is kind of swallowed anyway so it's written as 가요.
시다 is also being contracted here. If you say 시어요 fast it sounds like 셔요, so that's how it is usually written.
Hope that helps!