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  5. "Mes livres sont rouges."

"Mes livres sont rouges."

Translation:My books are red.

March 11, 2013



So, to clarify, "mon" is singular possessive and "mes" is plural possessive? This idea that all words change because of a plural is something I have to adjust to


mon livre - masculine singular

ma table - feminine singular

mon amie - feminine singular (ma changed to mon in front of a vowel)

mon habitude - feminine singular (ma changed to mon in front of a non-aspirate H)

mes livres, mes tables, mes amis, mes amies, mes habitudes - for all plurals


What do you mean with "non-aspired H"


There are 2 kinds of H in French:

  • "H muet" = non-aspired or non-aspirate H (or "mute")
  • "H aspiré" = aspired/aspirate H

Neither produce any sound, but in the 1st case, you can make liaisons and elisions:

  • l'homme = LOM
  • l'hôtel = LOTEL

In the second case, liaisons and elisions are not allowed:

  • le héros = LEUH || ERO
  • le homard (lobster) = LEUH || OMAR

Note that in English, there is a similar concept with "an honor" vs "a horror".


Thanks for that Sitesurf!! :)

Do you know any other efficient way of learning as a complement to Duolingo..I feel like I have to immerse myself more and dive into the language, so that I remember and understand everything.


So far, I have often used french.about.com as a source of information on various matters (grammar, conjugations, pronunciation, spelling...).

However, since I am French, that was just to check on things that I already know very well.

You may read about others' experience (forum Discussion/French from English): many learners comment on their experience when they have finished their tree and often, they give nice tips and links.


Rocket French teaches great about language usage & all the whys but another to use along duo and free is travel linguist


livres sont rouges but chaussures sont marron? Pfft.


when a color adjective is also the name of a real thing, you don't agree it in gender and number.

to know more: http://french.about.com/od/grammar/a/adjectives_inv.htm


Well, Sitesurf, as always with French, there are exceptions. Mes livres sont roses!


Absolutely, exceptions are the cherry on the rule cake!


I saw this the other day, so now it's really confusing. What's your expert opinion on this?


Les exceptions marron (variable en nombre): des chaussures marrons

Et puis: http://cnrtl.fr/definition/marron

Rem. Certains aut. considèrent que marron est devenu un véritable adj. et l'accordent avec le subst. qu'il qualifie


Comme orange, le terme marron utilisé adjectivement pour désigner la couleur est invariable (« des yeux marron »), mais certains auteurs le considèrent comme un véritable adjectif et l'accordent

  • « Ma pauvre abeille, tu crois que tous les yeux sont gris. Il y en a des bleus, des marrons, des verts et des noirs » (Sartre, Les Mains sales)1.


The key is in: certains auteurs

Some want to simplify French spelling or grammar, or tense sequence...

I am no expert but for the sake of not adding to Duo's hard work on variants, I will always recommend to strictly follow usual rules.


Well, I consider you an expert on the French language, and even your English is better than a lot of young English speakers... And yes, of course, the key is in certains auteurs. Thank you!


is there any way to memorize all of these mon, mes, ton ,ta stuff, it's all so confusing


Make your own list or use the charts shown in the Tips & Notes, repeat and repeat again, until you know them by heart and can use them without thinking.


What's the difference between 'mon', 'ma' and 'mes' ? Thank you! :)


mon livre (masc sing), ma lettre (fem sing), mes livres et mes lettres (plural)


In the audio it's clear that it's "rouges" but can I say "roux" when it's male, like "les livres"?


"roux" meaning red is only for hair (beard, moustache...)


How can you tell if it is plural.


You have to focus on determiners: articles and possessive/demonstrative adjectives that do not sound the same in singular vs plural:

in singular: mon livre

In addition, the verb is different as well:

in singular: mon livre est


How can you hear the silent s's for plural form in French? I know the difference between some, but others its almost impossible to hear the difference between singular and plural.


You can't hear the difference between rouge and rouges. You can hear "mes" versus "mon" and "sont" versus "est".


i thought sont is only used for ils/elles ...can anyone clarify this?


"sont" is used for any third person, plural noun subjects. Ils, elles, mes livres, les chiens, cettes maisons, etc, all use sont.


I dont understand, if mes is plural, why is: 'our books are red' wrong?



In French the possessive adjective agrees with the thing owned not with the person who owns it.

"My book" = "mon livre"

"My books" = mes livres"

"Our book" = "notre livre"

"Our books" = "nos livres"

Checkout link for more information on French possessive adjectives.



Merci beacoup :)


I don't understand. Can't Ma and Mon be correct? Her books are red/ his books are red. Thanks!


"Mon", "ma" and "mes" all mean "my", but "mon" is used with masculine nouns, "ma" with feminine nouns(*) and "mes" with plural nouns.

(*) If a feminine noun starts with a vowel sound, "ma" turns to "mon" to avoid the vowel conflict


why mes instead of mon


bookS is plural => livreS is plural

and the plural of "mon" is "mes".


In this sentence, I had to pick which 'my' it was... There was 'Mon, Mes or Ma.' I picked 'Mon' because all the words there meant 'my' so like I get confused here because the translation should be the same but it's not!! SOMEONE PLEASE EXPLAIN THIS TO ME!!!!



Yes "mon", "ma", and "mes" all translate as "my" but they are used differently.

"Mon" is used when the noun is masculine singular - "my hat" = "mon chapeau".

"Ma" is used when the noun is feminine singular - "my dress" = "ma robe"

"Mes" is used when the noun is plural of either gender.

"My hats" = "Mes chapeaux"

"My dresses" = "Mes robes"

"My books" = "Mes livres"

One additional complication is that when we have a feminine singular noun that begins with a vowel or a mute "H" we use "mon" not "ma".

"My clock" = "Mon horloge" (eventhough "horloge" is feminine.

The same pattern is seen in "ton", "ta", "tes" (your) and in "son", "sa", "ses" (his/her)


Thank you so much, @PatrickJaye


Would that be the French equalvent of My books are red (as in read)? If not how would you say that?


my books are read = mes livres sont lus (past participle of the verb "lire" in masculine plural, to agree with "livres").


my is it not "Mon livres" ... isn't livres masculine?


"livres" is masculine and plural, so you need "mes" (the plural form is the same in masculine and feminine).


why does mon not work I rlly need help


"mon" is masculine and singular, for "mon livre".

"mon" can also be feminine and singular, if the next feminine word starts with a vowel sound: "mon amie"

If the noun is in plural, like "livres", you need "mes": mes livres


how do you determine this statement uses 'Mes' not Ma or Mon?


You should hear "mes" as [me], and the verb is in plural: "sont" [sɔ̃].

In singular, you would hear "mon" [mɔ̃], and the verb would be in singular: "est" [ɛ].


This form of questioning is not working using the browser. When I skip this question it keeps coming back and I cannot move to the next question. Maybe it is my browser?


My books are red, but also, READ. Anyone else get the inside joke here?

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