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mangakoibito makes an excellent suggestion. Hangul can be learned much more quickly with any of a number of Youtube videos or on the free site "How to Study Korean". https://www.howtostudykorean.com/unit0/ The site would be a grat supplement to the entire DL course For most concepts or words, Korean speakers can express them in pure Korean (no Chinese representation) or in sino-Korean with a word related to Chinese. The Korean people have had close association wih the Chinese for more than 5000 years, and in fact used only Chinese characters for their writing until the 15th century. "배" is pure Korean, whereas "위" (胃) comes from Chinese. It used to be that use of of sino-korean words was a mark of intelligence, education, or sophisticaion, but it seems there is more emphasis on promoting pure Korean now. With regard to the different meanings, 위 can also be used to mean "above", "on" "up" "over" "ahead" "superior" just to name a few. As JanLoyd and Potatonuts point out, there are also multiple meaning for English words as well. They are probably more prevalent in Korean, so it can be a bit challenging, and is why context is so important.
Just like other languages, Korean has many words that are the same and yet has different meanings as well. I think they are trying to give one of the meanings first, instead of just throwing all the meanings at you all at once, because that would be overwhelming and hard to remember. Therefore, it's good that you know one of the means, but just know that a word could also have other meanings to it as well.
Go to Talk To Me In Korean, they are good at explaining Korean things. They have a website: www.talktomeinkorean.com OR check out their YouTube channel: Talk To Me In Korean. Maybe even "Learn Korean with GO! Billy Korean" on YouTube too. They both have sooo much and different things you can learn from them as well. ^_^
I suggest you to install the browser addon ImTranslator for Firefox or Chrome, or other extensions like Rememberry, they are extension that lets you right click on any words in a page, and get easily the meaning and a voice pronouncing it, if you select a part of the word, they'll pronounce it as well. There are also browser extension for Korean.
These are called Compound Vowels. They are made up of two individual vowels and in many cases saying the two individual vowels quickly is how you pronounce them. Wi (pronounced like the Nintendo Wii with just a little less emphasis on the W) is spelled 위. The ㅇ is silent so say ㅜ and ㅣ quickly to get the sound. Likewise 의 is like saying ㅡ and ㅣ together quickly. It's difficult for English speakers because we don't really have an equivalent sound. The closest thing I can think of to describe it is to say 위 without closing your lips on the w/u sound. Just move your tongue. My advice is to learn hangul and pronunciation from a YouTube video. These Duolingo alphabet lessons are a terrible way to learn Hangul.
It's just one meaning of the word. "Wi" is only there to help you pronounce it. Just like how some words in English are both spelled and sound exactly the same while having different meanings, many words in Korean have a multitude of meanings. You can learn them just like you learned English when you were younger: definitions, flash cards, picture associations, memory games, etc.