"남자가 편지를 보냅니다."
Translation:The man sends a letter.
TheRealRial gave a good answer for this Korean sentence. Right now i cannot remember the other collective nouns..
But, I add this abiut the word "mail.
...Maybe later we can learn the Korean for saying these English sentences:
..I send the mail out every morning.
..Did he send the mail. (not "a" mail)
..Do you have any mail for me.
..Does the mail come tomorrow?
..Can you send my letter with your mail?
..Can you pick up the mail before you come home?
..Did you see my letter in his mail box?
The plural Korean particle (들) j is not used in this sentence.
Korean grammar uses 를 or 을 mainly for a single thing. Also they are used when talking about a category or saying something general or common to all of a kind if thing.
One sentence like this can be several different translations into English:
:__ A man is X. (one man or more than one, by fact or opinion )
__ Men are X. (all men, by fact or opinion).
"The plural Korean article (들) is not used in this sentence.
Korean grammar uses 를 or 을 mainly for a single thing."
In Korean, 들 is mostly used when it's necessary for clarity. It's left out a lot. Like, if there was a group of boys and girls, they would simply say "남자" and "여자" with no 들, as it's obvious you are referring to them as a group.
And you can use 을 with plural; you can easily find examples with "~들을".
By default singular...then ask if any words in the sentence point the meaning to the topic as a fact or opinion about it as a group word: Men do X or Cites have X.
If 들 not used OR any uncertainty from the written sentence, other words in the paragraph, OR no clues in a live conversation, then think English translation can be singular or plural.
Yes, verb conjugation is important and specific to the subject. There is not much to remember in English 3rd person singular form requires s, but other languages change the ending of the verb for almost every pronoun. The verb “to be” has more differences: I am, (archaic thou art) you are, he or she or it is, we are, they are
I send, you send, he or she or it sends, we send, you send, they send
Good idea. I do wonder what other lessons will teach about those words. But, I believe this lesson is about the Korean verb for " send", not how it was sent (by mail, by email).
The Korean language creates so many different words by adding parts to stems. Those stems can be used to make a noun, adjective, action, attaching words together or adding conjugation. I'll need to research this but I think King Sejeong's guides are part if why Korean is called a "synthetic" language.
보내다 is send in the general sense, whether it's mail or anything else.
부치다 is strictly for physical objects (like parcel or physical letters).
보내다 doesn't tell you that it was sent through mail.
If I sent a letter through an instant messenger, you could use 보내다 but not 부치다.
And if I sent a physical letter in the post, both 보내다 and 부치다 make sense.
You can also use 발송하다 in the same manner as 부치다; 발송하다 means "dispatch" and can apply to physical mail/parcels as well as people.