Is there a perfective form of this verb? Děkuji!
"Ten pes dohnal kočky." (past tense)
"Ten pes dohání kočky." (present tense)
"Ten pes dohoní kočky." (future tense)
So what does ten mean? I thought tamten meant "that." I'm sorry for asking stupid questions, but there are no lessons on Czech in Duolingo--only exercises.
The - ten/ta/ to
That - Tamten/Tamhleten/ten (only male gender)
THIS - Tento/Tenhle/Tenhleten/Tadyten/Tadyhleten/Tuhleten (only male gender)
So is Czech the only Slavic language that uses articles? Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, etc., don't have translations for "a/an" or "the."
No czech does not have articles. Ten ta, to ... are demonstrative pronouns. They are just the best way how to translate english articles.
So I'm so confused. Why is "this" marked wrong for ten/ta/to but "that" is marked right, if it's neither "this" nor "that"
When you point on some thing which is near to you (In english THIS), you will use tento /tato/toto
When you point on some thing which is further (In english THAT) you will use tamten /tamta/tamto or shorter version ten/ ta/ to
When you want to "emphasize" that you speak about some concrete thing (In english THE) you will use ten/ ta/ to
I hope you understand it better now.
OK, yes, thank you! It makes sense now. It's the opposite of Polish to/ten/ta and Russian это/этот/эта, both of which are used as "it/this." Czech is used more like English "it/that." Even Russian "that" is то/тот/та, but it's not used for concrete emphasis.
va-dim, most DL sections include a Tips Notes section at the beginning. Those are the lessons, and you should read them!
Yes, I already figured it out, thanks. The Tips & Notes are invisible on the mobile site until I turn the phone sideways, then they show.
I think that the Czech contributors to this course want to use ty kočky for "the cats."
Is there a plural form for "honi"? What would be "the dogs are chasing cats"?