How to differentiate between "R" ㄹ and "L" ㄹ ? Please tell me. Is this 길 gil or gir ?
I think most of the time, when it is at the end of the word it is /l/ but when not, it is /r/. I learned from my mistake of saying "leur" for the direct object marker 를. You know, I've been into French way longer before I've even started Korean, they also have a word "leur" but means a whole lot different. Never again will I say "leur" for that.
TL;DR : Read the first sentence
If ㄹ is a pat'chim(3rd letter of the block) it is pronounced as "L" otherwise it is pronounced as "R" - I wish I could provide examples for pat'chim shift and whatnot but I can't think or find any as I'm still learning as well. I learned the basics from another app Hangul if that helps.
I read somewhere that "ㄱ" is always voiceless, so it always takes something more like a "k-esh" sound unless it is preceded by a voiced sound (i.e. M,N, R,L or a vowel of course since vowels are always voiced), it that case it becomes voiced too and takes something like a "g-esh" sound to it. Since the ㄱ here is at the beginning of a word, you can safely go with a "k" when it comes to pronunciation.
The ㄱ is only ever pronounced as nore of a k sound when it is in 받침. It would be incorrect pronunciation to have it as more of a k in the beginning. In the first position, the sound is more g than k. For example the word: 국 meaning soup. Although romanization isn't perfect, it would be romanized as guk because of 받침/ final consonant position. Another example of this is how ㅅ is ㄷ in the final consonant spot and ㅇ is ng.
We should've learned some grammer(like a simple explanation, anything!) and meaning of 매력, 재미, 인기가 and etc. Good enough, then we would be ready for the sentences We just Jumped from 오, 쌔, 톤, and some pronunciations to frightening sentences... Without even knowing which word is the verb!