"A friend has the ball."
Translation:친구는 공이 있습니다.
No. The object in this case should have a particle 를/을 not 가/이. Also the verb 있다 means to have
Shouldn't "있어요" also be correct, as it means the same thing in a slightly less formal register?
Yes, that's acceptable. It's respect level is a bit lower than the provided example.
습니다 particle is the most formal way, in a scale of 어 as the most informal, 어요 as standard with respect and 습니다 as the high level (there are more levels but these three are the main)
Hi! I know this is a late reply, but I was just as confused for the longest time on this, so I wanted to give response for anyone else who might be wondering.
The understanding I've come to, is that "이" can be equivalent of "is", and is often used to mark subjects. It's just how it is for objects in the Korean language, I think, but I could be wrong. "을" can be the equivalent of "has", and is used to mark objects/topics. If "을" was used, I believe it would replace "는", and change the sentence's meaning from, "A/My friend has the ball" to "A/My friend's ball".
I could be wrong, as I am still learning myself. Anyone, please feel free to correct me if I have made a mistake in my explanation!
I hope this helps some! I wish you success. 안녕!
Would 친구가 be totally ungrammatical here? I still feel like I don't quite understand the difference between 는 and 가
안녕하세요! I know this is a bit of a late response, but I wanted to give answer in case anyone else was wondering as well.
From what I've come to understand, 는 and 가 are different, in that 는 marks the object/topic of a sentence (like "친구는"), and 가 marks the subject of a sentence (like "자동차가"). So in the context of this sentence, "친구가" would be grammatically incorrect.
I hope this helps! I wish you success with your studies. 안녕!
The 는/은, I dont know, but I do know about the 를/을 and 가/이.
The 를/을 goes back to whatever is the object and 가/이 goes to the subject. So if I were to say that my friend likes Stray Kids, it would be something like 진구가 방탄 소년단을 초하해요. See how the 가 and 을 fit? They go to the subject and object, respectively.
I know there’s two different syllable blocks, though. So the ‘-가’ goes to a word that ends with a vowel like 아, 이, 우, 오, 애, etc. The ‘-이’ goes against something that ends with a consonant like ㅁ, ㅂ, ㄹ, ㅎ, etc.
Same with the 를/을. The ‘-를’ goes against the object that ends in a vowel and ‘-을’ goes to one that ends in a consonant.
I really hope this helps. I explained it to the best of my understanding. I will do a little researh to see if I can find a better explanation.
Okay. I found this to better educate you. I dont care if you think my own explanation is trash, I just like to help people and I hope it makes it easier for you to understand the language. Korean is really awesome and Korea is taking the world by storm as we speak. 끝
So here’s the link to the explanation I found. Once again, happy learning! https://www.hillslearning.com/articles/learning-korean-nyc
From what I've come to understand, "는/은" mark the objects of a sentence, while "가/이" mark the subjects. "공" in this context of this sentence, would be the subject.
I hope this helps!
는/은 indicates the subject of the sentence, the hsage depends on the word ending in a vowel or consonant
Hey there! "있습니다" can mean "to be" or "to have", depending on the context of the sentence in which it is used. The particles, subjects, objects/topics, etc. can help further parse out meaning, and can give clearer context.
I hope this helped some!