"Is it his dog?"
Translation:Ist es sein Hund?
You cannot be sure it is a dog at all you're referring to here. That's why the subject of the interrogative sentence is "es". It can refer to any thing in general. If you hear the sound of an animal, you cannot be sure as to whether it is a dog at all. It might also be his hyena (die Hyäne), to which you would refer as "sie" to. So use a generic "es" for the "it".
"Hund" is masculine (not male), yes, but not all dogs are male, so the question is still with "es" for "it."
Because it's in the nominative case, not the accusative case.
"to be" is a linking verb, linking a subject to a predicate that says something about that subject, and predicates are generally in the nominative case in German.
This is the question and answer I was looking for and I had to scroll all the way to the bottom of the comments.
Because the masculine nominative form is sein, not seiner.
It has no ending -- like the indefinite article ein Hund, which is not *einer Hund.
I've no idea why those have no ending for masc.nom. or neut.nom. or neut.acc., but they don't.
Just to confirm this- das instead of es is wrong because we are not talking about a person?
You can use both es and das, the difference being that das is understood to be more direct (pointing at a dog in sight, for instance).
Thank you very much for the reply! One more question if I may... If i use pronouns for persons is it considered to be rude? For instance Ich sehe Anna.-Ja, die ist da.
Pronouns (here: "sie") are perfectly fine and natural, but using an article ("die") may – depending on context – come across as rude.
Sorry! I was mistaken! It is of course a pronoun, just not a personal pronoun but a demonstrative pronoun! How embarrassing! Here, you get your lingot back!
Sein would be used for neuter and masculine noun, whereas Seine would be used for feminine nouns.
seiner would be feminine genitive singular, feminine dative singular, or genitive plural.
Possessive determiners such as sein take similar endings to ein or kein -- thus no ending in masculine nominative singular.
sein Hund "his dog" but der Name seiner Katze (the name of his cat), for example, just as it would be ein Hund and der Name einer Katze.
seine Katze is "his cat" in the nominative case (e.g. as the subject of a verb) or the accusative case (e.g. as the direct object of a verb).
seiner Katze is "(of) his cat" in the genitive case of "(to) his cat" in the dative case.
Like the difference between die Katze and der Katze.
if Hund is Männlich why is it not "seiner"? as "ist er seiner Hund"
what am i missing here?
Because possessive pronouns and indefinite articles - the "-ein" words - don't have the "-er" suffix for masculine nominative.
If there something else in the sentence to take the "-er" ending, that word would have it.
"Ist es sein schwarzer Hund?" and "Ist es der schwarze Hund?"
Excuse me, when i write (ist es seine hund) it turns wrong and give me (ist es seine Hündin ) i want to know why is that ????
"his dog" is usually sein Hund, using the masculine noun Hund which is used as the generic word for "dog" when the dog's gender is not relevant.
If the dog is specifically female and you want to point this out, you can use the feminine noun Hündin, in which case sein takes the ending -e and you have seine Hündin.
seine Hund (with feminine seine and masculine Hund) is never correct.
Unfortunately, Duo is not particularly clever about what to correct if two words don't match each other like that.
Someone please explain to me, why is "this dog" or "that dog" "dieser Hund" (which makes sense to me) but "his dog" isn't "seiner Hund"?
I'm not sure whether there is a reason. (Perhaps something historical, but nothing inside the modern language.)
sein Hund, like ein Hund, simply has no ending at all in the masculine nominative, neuter nominative, or neuter accusative.
Not only must Hund be capitalised, but what you wrote is the equivalent of "Is that his dog?" rather than "Is it his dog?".
It's still alive and well and is used before feminine nouns (e.g. seine Katze "his cat") or plural ones (e.g. seine Tiere "his animals").
Hund is neither -- it's masculine, and so it gets sein Hund. Neuter nouns such as Pferd (horse) would also take sein.
Why can't I use "er" instead of "es?" If I see a dog, and want to know if the dog in question belongs to him, wouldn't I use "er?"