"The dress that I gave her."
Translation:La robe que je lui ai donnée.
There are lots of verbs constructed with a direct object + an indirect object introduced by "à":
- Je lui demande son nom
- Je leur achète des bonbons
- Je vous écris une lettre
- Je te commande des frites ...
You cannot always see that the object pronoun is indirect because its form is the same for all grammatical persons except 3rd person singular and plural.
- direct object pronoun: me, te, le/la, nous, vous, les
- indirect object pronouns: me, te, lui, nous, vous leur
A joke for you, with the French word for master = maître. If someone calls you "Maître" and you are modest, you can reply: "Je vous en prie, mettez un terme au Maître !" (please put an end to calling me Master), which also sounds like: "Je vous en prie, mettez un thermomètre!" (please, put a thermometer in).
Hahahaha. The return joke is that I AM a Me., although perhaps only in the sense in which it is used in former francophone colonies. omd, this will precipitate another joke around colonies. . . And I can say a similar version of your joke in a language that is highly unlikely to be understood by anyone here. Agate munyo (ah-gah-tay moon-yo). ;-)
"compound" is in this instance the contrary of "simple"; it means that the verb is formed of two words, a conjugated auxiliary and the past participle of the active verb:
- je passai : simple past, not taught on Duolingo (passé simple)
- je suis passé(e) : compound past (passé composé)
"L'ai" is the contraction of "le" or "la" and "ai". "Lui" and "ai" are not contracted.
Please note that these are different parts of speech. "Le" or "la" in this context would be a direct object, "lui" is an indirect object.
This may help: http://french.about.com/od/grammar/a/objectpronouns.htm
I can hardly speak English, my native language, however, this does not seem like a sentence to me and should not be honored by ending it with a period. My impression is that in French clauses can often pass as sentences. Since in some posts we a quite pedantic about correctness and written versus spoken should we be here? Thanks.