This phrase is repeated way too many times in this lesson. Is there any way to switch it up a bit?
This is solely decided by Duolingo's algorithms and will change with your level and other factors. You cannot change and we can't either. Maybe ome other sentence is deemed too difficult so Duo does not want to show it to you.
No. Přítelkyně can be just a good friend. Though typically you speak about two women being přítelkyně of each other in non romantic manner. When you say "jeho přítelkyně" she is a girlfriend. Přítel - přítelkyně are little more than just friends. They are good, intimate friends. At the same time the word in that meaning is slowly becoming archaic. In girlfriend meaning it is still used.
Originally, the meaning of "přítel" and "přítelkyně" was just a friend - it is still being used in that way in more formal speeches or literature. In today's informal spoken language, however, it is used almost exclusively to refer to a romantic relationship. The common way of referring to friends is saying "kamarád" and "kamarádka" - there is no ambiguity there, no romance whatsoever, but its less formal.
I agree that, when speaking to one's "good friend," logic would suggest that "ty" would be more appropriate than "vy." But for purposes of learning words and how they fit together grammatically, I can see why "vy" is accepted. Whether "ty" would be rejected in, say, a Write This in Czech exercise, I don't know... if there is such an exercise, I may try it!
I've also heard a slang version of kamarad amongst teenagers....something like 'kamo!' short for kamaradka I guess and vocative? maybe?
thanks. interesting. Google Translate gives 'dude' as a translation which is very matey/informal used mostly by young adult/teenage Americans. I thought it was quite 'cute' and intimate when I heard it! It seems from your link that it could also be like 'comrade' which I could imagine giving offence almost in a Czech cultural context.
It has nothing to do with the socialist "comrade". Nothing at all. Dude seems to be close, but I haven't ever heard it in my real life, just some British equivalents.
Completely unrelated, but the word "dude" as well? I get so annoyed when someone addresses me in that way too.
Indeed, it is like dude for many. But that is American and I have never lived in America so I cannot say that much about the colloquial speach there.
I'm from the US (East Coast/Mid-Atlantic region) and I've heard "dude" used among both close friends and more casual acquaintances -- and also when disrespectfully addressing someone who is unknown or less well known to the speaker. So go figure...